All photographs capture a small slice of life, but it is motion photography that immortalizes it. It adds hues of mystery because the viewer has no chance of finding what happens before or after the precious moment captured. Motion adds wonder to an image because there are lots of insights that need to be perceived.
For example, an image of a dog running, or a train moving on the tracks or leaves blowing with the wind, all carry a sensational beauty. Each of these has something that can make your image come alive if you know how to convey motion properly.
There are many reasons why people are captivated by motion capturing. A lot of photographers just shoot motion because capture they want to it conveyed that the object is moving.
But, there are other more intriguing reasons for experts who feel attracted to motion. They feel that movement communicates mood.
They want to duplicate the serenity or the fast pace of these movements that is why they capture it forever on their lens.
The trees rustling, the wind blowing, the throngs of people, the chase of a tiger, all fascinated them and compels them to captivate it in their photographs that capture motion which they’d like to duplicate.
Today, in this article we will show you around the world of motion and how to capture it perfectly. From tips to like using different shutter speeds to panning, we will teach you all. Each and every potential issue you might come across will be resolved.
Eliminating distracting elements
Motion photography is not all about capturing movements of the subject, but it is also about making them look appealing. This has to be done by eliminating the elements in the background that might that distract the viewer.
So if you are capturing a moving person on a sidewalk while the cars move behind him and want to focus on the individual you will have to blur the cars. This is necessary if you want your primary subject to stand out.
So by blurring the potential distractions, you can have the viewer focus on what you want them to see. It is all about diverting the attention where you need it.
Remember there are many ways to do it but the goal of each is different, so your choice depends upon your objective of photography.
You can accomplish the goal either by blurring just certain elements while retaining sharp on more than one subject in the foreground. Or you can blur everything or freeze. It is up to your discretion!
One of the techniques described above, to blur is to freeze the entire field of vision. Freezing the entire scene is done to provide the photograph with an entirely different and unique look. It is specifically very beneficial if the subject strongly implies movement.
If you are trying to capture a bird flying in front of a waterfall, then you can use freezing here as it will imply both motions to the viewer. Freezing here will help you capture the beauty of the entire scene in a single moment which will result in a breathtaking image.
Other techniques described above is to blur everything. This will produce excellent results if the scene has bright and contrasting colors of varying shades. Mostly shooting like this results in a very artistic capturing of motion.
Determining Proper Shutter Speed
One of the most vital areas to grasp to succeed in motion capturing is to understand the value of shutter speeds. A lot of novice photographers usually fail at this because they are unable to determine the proper shutter speed.
This is because they fail to see that every situation is unique and requires a change in shutter speed. One speed cannot suit all scenes so motion photography requires mastery in identifying which shutter speed will work best for a certain subject.
To identify this one needs to find answers to a few questions: They need to know how fast their subject moving is moving and what is the distance between their camera and the subject. They also need to set the motion they want their photograph to convey.
And then they decide the shutter speed that will meet the answers to the above questions and complement them.
Remember the faster the shutter speed is, it will lead to more frozen and defined subject but that doesn’t every scene. So experiment with varying shutter speeds so that you can become pro at identifying which speed would work well in a particular of situations.
Mastering the action photography might be tricky and needs lot of practice. For much better understanding, please watch this video by Run N Gun – ”5 Tips for Capturing Better ACTION Shots” :
Changing shutter speeds has its own problems. When slowing speed to blur elements, you might come across excessive light which can ruin your photograph. This is a common problem, and a problem always has solutions.
So to resolve it you have to check the aperture on the camera. If it is large, there are more chances of excessive light entering. Thus try to reduce its size. Secondly, you can review the setting of ISO on your camera. If it is set high, then the image sensor in the camera may become overly-sensitive to light and create unwanted distractions in your image.
So you will have to balance the setting and this will require practice. You’ll have to spend time learning which settings and shutter speed will impact your picture negatively the quality of your images and then try to avoid it. Only practice will help you master that.
Now we will give you four of our top secret tips that will help you succeed in the world of motion photography. These tips will guarantee you a top-notch spot in the nest motion image category. Here they are:
1. Panning a subject in motion
2. Utilizing long exposures for effects
3. Deciding on an action plan
4. Zooming during the exposure
Let us have an in-depth look at the working of the above tips so that you can easily apply them practically:
Panning a subject in motion
Panning is essential to photograph moving subjects because it allows you to capture the subject relatively sharp and helps you blur the rest. It not only instills a sense of speed but also works particularly well to hide a background which is distracting or unattractive.
The working behind panning is to select a slow shutter speed and position the camera so that it follows the subject. Use this method to set your camera for panning. Remember follow through is the key and give it a try. Just point the camera towards the imminent subject, begin shooting and follow them when they begin moving away from your field of view.
Follow their motion even when stop shooting. This will take a lot of time and effort as this skill develops gradually. There would be a lot of trial and error but the result would be worthwhile. You will be able to create stunning and creative photos.
You can also try comparing panning with fast shutter speed which freezes the motion and sees which gives better results because panning might not be suitable for every subject. It is a good technique but you should know when to use it well, so add it to your bag of tricks and use it well!
Utilizing long exposures for effects
Long exposures require a much slower shutter speed and you would usually not be able to hold the camera with your hands. It is important when it comes to capturing motions like moving water, spontaneous car headlights in the scene, star trails, and usually movement in night photography.
Generally, you would require a sturdy tripod along with a remote trigger. It also requires a lot of time because one has to wait a lot sometimes for long exposures like star trails, and it also requires time to shoot and adjust.
Mostly it is trial and error so you might have to conduct numerous sessions or by using digital photography innovation of instant feedback, have the huge benefit of correcting and adjusting spontaneously in the field and continue shooting.
Deciding on an action plan
These are the techniques that help you play with long exposures. This can be a challenging task but try it out as it can produce wonderful results.
It is an art to find moving subjects and blur them on purpose by zooming with an action plan because it produces an interesting abstract. The tip is that not every photo look good if it is tack sharp. Even images with nothing in focus can become great pieces of art because every scene has a different action plan.
Sometimes technical things like sharpness and focus do not do well in and it better to experiment out of focus for some time.
So standardized action plans don’t work in motion photography. You have to add or subtract few features when shooting a different subject and sometimes even shoot completely out of focus on purpose to create something brilliant.
Zooming during the exposure
Last but not least, motion can be enhanced by just zooming your lens during exposure. This basically means that you physically rotate the zoom lens which changes the focal length when in the long exposure. You do this to produce some really neat effects on especially when working on night scenes with lights, or have to capture a neon subject or fireworks.
It can be even used during the day even though it might not work that well and result in abstract images which have an obscured subject, but the whole idea is to experiment and find new creative ways.
Motion photography is like playing a game. You just cannot use one tactic. There are many features to it and for each scene, you have to combine these features in the right amounts as per the condition and scene requirements to come up with a successful recipe.
The combination should depend not only on the subject but also your shooting intention as the photographer and your skills as an artist. You might decide to add blur which will make it more interesting and show implied movement or you can take help to add speed which adds an action feel.
If your subject is related to sports, you can benefit from using fast shutter speed and fast lens which helps to freeze motion at the peak or you can choose to use slower shutter speed to add intentional motion blur which introduces a sense of speed. This shows that are many options to explore, there is no one right way and you can experiment your way to the top.
So begin the adventures to capture motion and share some of your great moments for us to appreciate in the comments below. It’s okay if you are unsuccessful in the first few attempts because it takes time and practice. So don’t get disheartened and keep experimenting and have fun while being creative!