Photography types

macro
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It starts simple, you buy a camera and start taking pictures: scenery, people, animals, insects, nature, etc. There is a vast range of subjects and photography types you can shoot.

Styles in photography you should know about:

Portraiture photography

I will start with this type because it is one of the oldest, maybe the most former photography style. I imagine that when they created the first camera, they wanted to capture people faces. So portraiture is a photo in which you catch one or more persons, usually from a close angle.

This is a great and fantastic style because you can capture feelings, moods, and reactions. You heard about that photo that says more than a thousand words.

 

Portrait

Newborn photography

As the name says, it is about capturing for eternity the lovely little ones and make fun of them later.

 

Newborn

 

Candid photography

Reveals a peaceful atmosphere; the subjects are calm and relaxed. It is showing the relationship between the people, their moods, and feelings.

 

Candid

 

Wedding photography

So who does not want to immortalize that moment when two lovers became family and from that moment on everything changes? This is good though, assuming that the beloved wife is the only person in your whole life you got to go ”there”, you for sure can say you got two women in your life – one before marriage and a completely different one after.

But who am I to say that, just another one married man.

 

Wedding

 

Fashion photography

These are beautiful images in the modern fashion world. All fashion companies use this photography style in their magazines. It involves a lot of hard work for artists and models.

 

Fashion

 

Landscape

The landscape photographer is drawing our attention to the prominent places of our planet, the beauty of nature we may miss, or never meet. Combined with seasons, weather conditions, exposure, and chosen daytime, it goes to amazing results.

 

Landscape

 

Architectural photography

It is about shooting houses or flats for those photographers working with real estate, for example.

It is also about historic buildings and their details. It is about capturing the beauty of architecture for different scopes, taking pictures both indoor and outdoor.

 

Architecture details

 

Food photography

All restaurants, fast food places, cafes need advertising. This is why it is a must that photos with their foods look very appealing.

You can read more on my full post about food photography 

 

Food

 

Underwater photography

This is one of the most challenging photography types – underwater photography. It requires waterproof cameras, lighting, in one word – equipment.

Models and artists need to know what they are doing. These photos are most unusual and sensual because of the slow movement of water and the light effects and reflection.

 

Underwater

 

HDR photography

High dynamic range photography is bright and colorful. This is a combination of three or more photos taken with different lighting, contrast, and saturation.

You can do that in programs like photoshop or shoot them directly with your camera if it is a new model that has that option. That reminds me of a funny situation, funny for me mostly.

I was shooting some architectural details using a tripod and a remote controller, in HDR mode. Someone approached very surprised about the camera noise, because it sounds like I was shooting continuous and with high speed like in action mode, for example.

I had to explain that my camera is shooting multiple images at different exposures, and after that, it combines them in a single picture.

This is fine; I am aware that he was a professional photographer, just he was gripping to his old gear and lost contact with the top cameras.

 

HDR photography

 

Black and white photography

This is the oldest style in photography, and it is imperative to have good knowledge of lighting and shadows. Textures and contrast are more substantial in black and white pictures.

Black and white photography can reveal emotions more intense than color by removing distractions from a portrait, for example.

You can shoot them directly with your camera in black and white or convert them later in a program. Thanks to these programs, like Photoshop, for example, you can adjust and enhance your photo if not pleased with your initial result.

 

Black and white photography

 

Motion photography

This style of photography shows the quick action of a person, animal, or object. Used in sports, car and bike races, wildlife, etc.

Motion photography is capturing a moment like, for example, the moment when the football player hits the ball with his head or the moment when your dog is running in water, capturing the water drops, the motion, and the happiness of your pet.

 

Action photography

 

Wildlife photography

This is an exciting and sometimes extremely dangerous type of photography, depending on what you’re shooting.

Wildlife photography involves a lot of traveling, working in different weather conditions, hunting the moment, and a lot of patience.

 

Wildlife

 

Still-life photography

Still-life is about taking pictures of still objects which build a composition. You need to give the image a unique charm using your imagination and manipulate the picture.

 

Still-life photography

 

Macro photography

This is going close to the subject and depends a lot on your ability to shoot from unusual angles.

The gear for macro photography is expensive if you want to go closer than the usual macro lens allows.

This is why a reverse ring is more affordable, and the quality is quite good. I recently wrote a post where you can find more details, if interested.

 

macro

 

Night photography

Night pictures can be very romantic, and it can show the beauty of people surrounded in veils of darkness, can look pretty spectacular. Like the night sceneries with moonlight, stars and sea or mountains, forest and mist, a campfire, fireworks, etc.

Of course, it is needed a modern camera with the capability of night shooting. For excellent images, it will be recommended a professional one and a tripod.

 

Night scene

 

Documentary photography

It is about telling authentic stories about people and events.

Documentary photography can be compassionate as you go close to the person or the situation, which sometimes can be harmful. Or it can be funny or just entertaining, always depending on the subject.

 

Documentary

 

Travel photography

Those are pictures which show traditions, culture, and costumes, way of life in different countries and areas.

Travel photography, of course, involves traveling, which is always inspiring, and the range of subjects is always huge.

 

Travel photography

 

Street photography

It is about presenting the day by day living of people around you. Spending some time on the streets, you’ll be able to capture amazing moments, feeling, moods, and situations.

Read more about street photography

 

Street photography

 

In the end …

All these being said, I hope I was covering most of the leading photography styles. Shooting for photos can be a job, but it also can be a pleasure.

Do not avoid to put some feeling into that; being professional does not necessarily mean being an artist. If you want the best results, then you have to involve yourself with everything you got, including your feelings.

I hope you enjoyed this general presentation, and please comment below with any ideas you may have. I am always about learning new things, and we can do it better together.

 

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Author: condruzmf

In love with photography!

8 thoughts on “Photography types

  1. Condruzmf,
    I have been taking pictures for many years. I try to leave people out of my photos for some reason.
    I like the nature, auto and traveling types of pictures.
    I have thousands of pictures of classic cars, places around the world, flowers, bugs, birds and animals have been high on my list also.
    Taking series of pictures from the same location over a period of time have lead to some videos. I took a picture every day from the first egg until the little on left the nest last year. Have you eve tried this before.
    John

  2. Hi. Great article with great pictures. I laughed at your story of the photographer clinging to his old technology. Why do this when so much can be achieved with new technology. I love macro, nightlife, and street shots the best. I look forward to reading more on your site. Kind regards,
    Andrew

    1. Though he is a great photographer. It was funny for me that I was looking silly to him, but honestly the great gear will never make anyone a great photographer. He is so much more over me, just thinking about his experience. Anyway I am glad you enjoy it… Cheers

  3. Photography is still a great way to convey a message, do you consider yourself a photographer? Enjoyed looking through the site, maybe ypo’d look through my site and comment , thanks in advanced.

    1. Hi Brian, thanks for your comment. I can tell you that some people consider me a photographer and other don’t. I only can let them to decide that, in the mean time I am doing what I like most – marketing and photography

  4. Thank you for this great post! I love to take pictures but unfortunately I am not very good at it. I have a decent camera but have a hard time taking live actions pics. From your post they are called “motion photos” They either come out blurry or out of focus. Any suggestions as to why this is? Do I need a better camera or is there a setting I can use to fix it? Thanks in advance

    1. Hi Mike, there are three ways I know about to help you with fast movement subjects.
      The easiest one is with camera presets, usually named action or sport. It is a menu named scenes where you can find this.
      Another one is to set camera on shutter priority and choose the exposure like 1/250 or more for very fast action. Like, for example if you want to shoot rain drops I suggest 1/4000 or more. It will be noise, but hey .. it will be spectacular, isn’t it?

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