Night photography is a genre of photography that requires a lot of skills and patience. It can be exceptionally frustrating if you don’t use the right tips and techniques.
So before embarking on this beautiful journey amongst the stars with your camera, let us enlighten on the thing you need to know to go in the right direction.
Here are a few things which you need to know if you want to master the art of night photography:
Why Night Photography
Before going on this journey make sure that you are aiming right. Ask yourself why you want to master this skill because if you do not have your goals straight then the journey can become very difficult.
So in order to grasp this genre, you will need strong will power as it can be a hard skill to master, this is because night shots take longer to expose.
There is a lot of focus on composition and camera settings and it takes longer to hone your skills much. It is difficult to have the right timings because night photography occurs in-between dusk and dawn where the colors vary a lot giving you an array of shades.
This opens up opportunities as well as leads to confusion. So before embarking on this journey read through these tips to have a smooth trip while excelling your shots!
Exploring the Unknown
Night photography has the benefit of not being affected by conditions such as weather and people. It is more like black and white photography as you are working on a black canvas which has to reflect an array of colors.
Some factors wouldn’t be much of a problem but others may affect a lot. The factors will influence here in a different manner as the focus will be more on contract than color so the principle will change. This will open new vistas and horizons for exploration.
There will be results which you don’t expect to see as nighttime images are a bit unusual, but that is the beauty. This is where your inner perception is needed you have to look beyond the night sky to discover the extraordinary. You have to use a long exposure to see stars you hadn’t realized were there.
Not only is there so much to explore but there are thousands of location to choose from. You can try to find the best locations using two ways, either at daytime and come back at it when the sun sinks, or you can wander at night and stop at the situation which you find best.
The best thing about it is that you are in an unknown zone where you are starting fresh. There are no limits, connotations, and misconception. You can experiment all you want and I think this is the best way to understand the beauty of night photography.
Keep yourself open to the unknown and it might surprise you. Don’t become stuck photographing the thing you know – venture beyond, so that you can break out and experience new things.
Settings for Night Photography
For night photography a thorough understanding of the working of exposure is necessary. There is no space for a lack of understanding, so master yourself in exposures. Remembered that three factors have an effect an exposure which includes ISO, shutter speed, and aperture and each of them is used differently at night.
So do the most important thing. Just switch your camera from auto mode to manual mode so that you can have full control of the exposure settings.
If you have low light than this means that you will have to change your settings to compensate for it in order to get the right exposure. The settings will depend upon the conditions and you might have to widen your aperture, raise your ISO and slow your shutter speed.
But most of your photos will need a wide aperture so that as much possible light is allowed. The result would be shallow depth of field in a few cases which doesn’t matter much because the lack of light is bound to away some definition.
Sometimes you will find yourself in a setting in which your subject moves away into the distance towards the point of convergence. To shoot in such situations you will require narrow aperture so that you are able to produce a wider DoF.
These settings are very important as they let you get your way even when the conditions are not perfect. Especially when shooting in difficult conditions set yourself up to focus about a third of the depth into the image to create the best depth of field.
If you are in a very dark place, change your setting by raising your shutter speed and ISO. Simultaneously, decrease your aperture. This would result in ISO producing a grainy result in your image which you can use to add a creative touch if you know your settings well.
These little things count a lot as they make a big difference and help you make the most out of the situation.
One wrong setting can destroy the whole composition so make sure that your camera is well set according to the conditions. Don’t cry over imperfect conditions, you cannot change them, but the camera settings are changeable so use them well to add creativity to make a masterpiece.
So the idea is to think before you shoot or end up crying afterward. Decide on what you want in your final image before shooting like whether you want a deep DoF, grain, or light trails and set the camera accordingly and hopefully, you will not fail.
Work out the settings beforehand so that you won’t have to face any setbacks. Practice a lot as this enables you to master the setting and within no time you will be setting your camera by just having one look at your surroundings. Remember there is no one right setting so keep experimenting.
You might discover that different setting can produce a variety of images and you might find them all beautiful. Just One more thing which is worth mentioning is that in low- light photography the camera’s exposure meter is irrelevant so ignore it at night. Don’t waste your time over the histogram as it appears completely different when in dark.
Handheld vs Tripod
The most asked question regarding night time photography is whether to use tripods or not. Well according to us, the use of a tripod is a very good choice. It allows for long exposures and enables you to experiment with cooler effects.
But there are a few things you should keep in mind before going for tripods. First of all, you have to make sure to weigh it down and shelter it from winds because even a slight movement will blur your image. Secondly, utilize a shutter release cable or remote controller to eliminate chances of camera shake and jarring the camera. Then turn off image stabilization as it is counter-intuitive.
And don’t use tripods all the time. Some handheld images have their own charm so do not try to completely substitute it with tripods. Just bear these things in your mind before going for a tripod.And if shooting handheld in which you are more restricted because you have to hold the camera still for a long time, raise your ISO as high as possible in order to shorten this time.
Night Photography Ideas and Techniques
Night photography and be really fun if you know the right techniques. Here a few tips which you can apply to create some really cool and creative images which you can’t achieve during the day:
Make the best use of reflections which are very hard to capture in the day as they are dependent on the light source in the scene and during the day the natural light makes it difficult. At night there is no natural light so by controlling the man made light you can create a breathtaking reflection.
So make use of as much color as you can because these will merge together to create a beautiful reflection on the water. You can create a contrast between smoothness and sharpness by using moonlight as your consistent light sources at night, to produce some very alluring effects which are only possible during the night.
Take sky photos as they offer a variety of effects. Capture moments like movement in the clouds, star trails and other details hidden amongst the stars to capture exceptional images that are not visible to the naked eye.
This all might look challenging to you at the beginning, but believe me when you take the first stem the beauty captures your heart and there is no going back. As you take one step the rest of the journey unfold beneath your eyes and you learn the rest gradually by experimenting.
From manipulating ISO and aperture, to controlling shutter speed and lightning everything becomes easy if you practice a lot. Just keep these 4 things in mind and you will be good to go!