When it comes to digital cameras, there are plenty of types for you to choose from. We have compact cameras, which are smaller and very easy to carry everywhere, and we have cameras with interchangeable lenses, which are bigger and require more than just a pocket to take it on your trip. You will need a bag for your lens, tripod, flashgun, batteries, cleaning tools, etc.
In the digital camera world, there are so many options. The best way to do it is to think first about its final scope. Will you use it to simply shooting photos for your memories, for social networks – so everyone can see where you’re traveling, or you want to shoot more professional?
Understanding your goal will lead to having the right tool for the right price.
Standard compact camera
This is usually a small, light, and reasonably cheap camera, also known as Point and Shoot. It is a basic entry model into the digital photography world. Standard compact cameras usually are fully automatic. In rare cases, offer manual exposure options.
Usually, they have a small zoom lens that folds into the camera, a built-in flash, and an LCD screen – no eye viewfinder. HD video recording, image stabilization, and Wi-Fi connectivity may be available with this type of camera. Usually, low-quality photos, but it is not a rule.
Some high-end standard cameras are expensive but offering excellent picture quality. These cameras are only limited by their unchangeable lens and sensor size when it is not a full-frame one.
Zoom compact camera
The same as the standard camera with the only difference in their zoom capability, it can go to 30 x optical zoom or even more.
Adventure compact camera
Almost the same with the standard camera, in plus they are waterproof, shockproof, and even freeze-proof. A sturdy build makes them very good for use in extreme conditions. On the other side, the limited zoom and exposure options and having a small sensor leads to poor photo quality.
Digital single-lens reflex (DSLR)
These are high-end digital cameras divided into two main categories – hobby and pro. The hobby models have an entry-level APS-C sensor, and the professional ones come with a full-frame sensor. You can detach the lens and replace it with the needed one.
This is a considerable advantage, being able to use the right lens for the right task. These cameras are usually used by professionals or hobbyists who know what they are doing. Having a DSLR does not mean that your pictures will be great, you need knowledge and a lot of training to archive the best results.
Mirrorless interchangeable lens camera (MILC)
Great digital cameras, they are similar to the DSLR ones, with some differences:
- Size and weight – which is very important when traveling, handling for a long time
- Mirrorless – As the term says, they don’t use a mirror system. The camera does not have an optical mirror or viewfinder but an electronic one that displays the camera sensor. The lack of the moving mirror reduces vibration, which may result in blurred pictures.
- In the newest models, they don’t use a mechanical shutter anymore. They are using an electronic one which is quieter.
- Lens are usually not compatible between DSLR and MILC, but they have dedicated ones. Anyway, there are adapters if you like some specific lens, so you’ll still be able to use them.
Mirrorless cameras are my favorite ones. They suit my needs being a traveler with outstanding picture quality and better maneuverability than DSLR. Please do not take it as advice, this is only a personal opinion, and it is only according to my needs.
Keep in mind…
Buying a professional camera will not necessarily lead to taking great astonishing shoots. If you have knowledge about photography and you’re looking to get better results, then that’s fine. If you don’t, but you are studying photography, again, it is okay. But if you don’t and are not involved in photography, buy a camera model that suits your needs.
Most people looking to have lovely photos from holidays, celebrations, or only outdoor/indoor images, a compact camera or the smartphone will do the job.
I hope you found this general presentation satisfying. It helps you make the right choice. Please comment below if you need further advice or if you want to add or ask something.