Category Archives: Tips & Techniques

Wedding ceremony at the seashore

Making Your Wedding Photoshoot Memorable

Is your Wedding day on the way, and you must be worried about your wedding photoshoot? AHHH! This can be worrisome, but the tensest thing is to make your wedding photoshoot memorable and different. The wedding festival is the most vital moment for everyone. It’s also an unforgettable memory in life.

When reopening your wedding album, the photos will remind you of complex emotions and feelings of the happiest day.

Thus, making your wedding photoshoot memorable is essential for both bride and groom. Many small things can make your wedding shoot unique.

Make Your Wedding Photoshoot Memorable:

Let’s go straight to the point!

1. Treat Yourself with a Luxury Dress

For the female, this day should be more special than any other day in her life because it’s the most beautiful day for her. The guys also have to get ready with the groom’s suit or outfit, not with denim brands or other casual stuff. So this day must be the most memorable in your life. Never forget that! You will wear something special at that time, so you should treat yourself to a luxury dress to make the wedding shoot memorable.

2. Prepare for Everything

It’s imperative. It’s useless if you prepare nothing when making a wedding performance. It would help if you prepared everything before the wedding shoot. Try to make all things ready such as makeup, accessories and your dress or outfit, etc.

3. Speaking of Your Outfits, Choose the Best One

It’s essential for both bride and groom before you make a wedding photoshoot. So, choosing a suitable outfit is very necessary, and that’s why you should pick the best attire. It may be difficult for everyone because we want to make our wedding photoshoot more memorable. We all want to look more attractive at that time, but it’s better if you choose a simple and elegant dress or outfit.

4. Be Confident

Every bride wants to be more confident on this special day. You’ll hold your love once in your life, so you should be more satisfied on this day. In addition to everything above, you should look as confident as possible.

5. Surprise Everyone by Doing Something Unusual

One fascinating thing about wedding photoshoots is unexpected actions from the couple or bride and groom themselves. On this day, you should do the surprising thing to make your wedding photoshoot memorable. Be different from other couples. Surprise everyone by doing something unusual on that day.

6. Show your Happiness

Every bride and groom want to look happy when they get married. You must show your happiness on that unforgettable day in your life. It’s the best day, so you should tell everyone by looking happy.

7. Candid Laughter

Laughter is good medicine for people to stay healthy. It also makes your wedding photoshoot more memorable. You can make a burst of candid laughter on that day because it’s a special day in your life from which you will remember it till the end of your life.

8. No Matter Where Take Pictures

Many couples have different ideas for taking wedding photos. They have other requirements when they take pictures. You can do anything when making a wedding photoshoot. It’s all in your hands to make the best image in your life. No matter where you shoot your wedding photos, take them.

9. Make a Silly Pose

Many couples want to make their photos romantic when they make wedding photoshoots. They want to take the best pictures of their life. If you want it, you can make a silly pose when making your wedding photoshoot, like jumping in the air or sitting on the ground, etc. Whatever you do with your partner is also memorable in your life.

10. Be Free on That Day

On this great day, you can be whatever you want. You can do whatever you like to make the best images in your life. No matter whether it’s over-the-top or something every day, you should feel free for everything on this stunning wedding photoshoot.

Mistakes to Avoid for Wedding Photoshoot Memorable:

Not being active: You should be able to smile, laugh and enjoy that day.

Not choosing the best outfit: You should select the most suitable attire that will help you look attractive. So, both bride and groom need to pick the best dress or outfit.

Not taking pictures with candid laughter: Laughing is good medicine for staying healthy, so you should laugh during your wedding photoshoot. It will make everybody happy, especially your partner.

Not surprising everyone: Surprising your partner and other people is also a good idea for the wedding photoshoot. It’s like doing unexpected things to make your wedding memorable.

Being too serious about taking pictures: You should enjoy the day because you are getting married once in your life, so try to feel free during the wedding photoshoot.

Frequently asked questions:

What is a wedding photoshoot?

A: A wedding photoshoot means taking photos for your wedding. It’s a beautiful day in the life of every bride and groom so they should take the best images on that day. In modern times, people do their wedding photoshoot professionally on the photographer. But you can also make your photos memorable on that day by doing ridiculous things.

What is the best time for making a wedding photoshoot?

A: As mentioned above, the best time for making a wedding photoshoot is morning. You can make your pictures more memorable and unique by different surprised things like surprising your partner and doing unexpected things for the wedding photoshoot.

What is the best location for making a wedding photoshoot?

A: You can make your photos memorable anywhere, but it will be better if you choose a place with no people. It’s because you’ll be able to do different surprising things to make your wedding photoshoot memorable.

Conclusion

Making your wedding photoshoot memorable is not hard work to do. You have to follow the above caps and tops. You’ll be able to make your wedding photoshoot unforgettable in your life. Try it!

What are Histograms used for?

From editing software to modern-day digital cameras, Histograms are almost everywhere. Understanding how this function works can bring visible improvements in your photography. This article will discuss what histograms are, how understanding these can improve footages and reduce the amount of post-production work, and the impact of histograms on exposure.

What is the Histogram?

In simple terms, histograms are a graphical representation of different light levels in images. These tonal values or light levels are from black to white (from 0% brightness to 100% brightness). The very left side of the histogram graph shows the Shadows, which are dark tones.

As these tones move towards the right side, they start getting lighter. In the middle, Midtones are displayed, which are neither very dark nor light. On the right side, highlights are displayed, which are very lighter tones. The purpose of these graphs is to help the photographer to evaluate the exposure in the footage.

Photographers usually overlook the feature of the histogram. These simple graphs can be a major help in choosing the perfect exposure for the images, especially when you’re using the digital camera in manual mode. Understanding these graphs is pretty simple, but it is better to understand their components first for a complete grasp of this.

How is the histogram graph made?

A histogram plots the number of pixels for each tonal value in the image. Each image is made up of an innumerable number of pixels. Each of these pixels has a specific value that shows its color. The brightness or darkness of the pixel is derived from this value.

A histogram evaluates the number of pixels for each brightness in your image and arranges them in a graph. These pixels are arranged in the graph going from 0% brightness to 100% brightness (from left to right). From 0% to 100%, there are 256 levels of brightness, so technically, at 100% brightness, the brightness level is 256.

The image is first converted into a greyscale, then all pixels in it are analyzed and arranged as per their brightness information, making a histogram chart.

A graph more towards the right or left isn’t necessarily a bad thing. Sometimes it is because of the effect you want to create or filter you are using. It can also be because of shooting situations. For example, in outdoor shooting, mainly under the sun, Histograms are mostly towards the right.

In this case, it doesn’t mean that there is some issue with the exposure. Similarly, in night photography, such as shooting stars, histogram values are mainly plotted towards the left side.

Reading a Histogram

A histogram graph with most of the values towards the left shows that the image is underexposed, whereas one with most of the pixels plotted on the right side shows that the image is overexposed. For an image with balanced brightness and darkness, a peak-shaped graph is plotted in the meridional area.

You can analyze the color tones of your image, exposure, and pixels of specific tone by the height of the histogram on a chart.

Color Channels (RGB Histograms)

If you notice a histogram, you will find three other luminance histograms within the major histogram. These three histograms, red, blue, and green, are the colored part of the color channels graph. These represent the distribution of the pixels for the specific channel.

The point where all three meets are represented as grey or white diagrams. Yellow, cyan, and magenta appear where two of the channels overlap. Overlap of red and green produces yellow color, an overlap of green and blue results in cyan color display in the graph, and red and blue make the magenta color.

The color channels help understand the color temperature (warmness and coolness) of the image.

Highlights and Shadows

Good and balanced exposure is one of the primary factors to get a good image. Understanding shadows and highlights clipping in a histogram allows you to find out the problematic areas of the image in terms of exposure.

Both in highlights and shadow clippings, details are absent. In highlights, pixels are overly blasted with brightness, completely white, and on the right side of the histogram. On the other hand, there is no brightness at all in the shadows area, and pixels are plotted on the extreme left side of the graph.

With this information, photographers can get a complete insight into manual exposure settings and the exposure in their surroundings.

Fixing Highlights and Shadows

Both shadows and highlights can be fixed by fixing the exposure settings. In using manual settings, exposure settings can be fixed by altering the values of the exposure triangle (ISO, Shutter Speed, and Aperture).

In manual mode, the photographer sets exposure himself, but in Programmed Auto (P), Shutter-Priority Auto (S), and Aperture Priority Auto (P), the digital camera sets the exposure value itself. These values usually work, but in the end, digital cameras are mere devices. Shooting with these three auto modes, there can still be issues of exposure.

If you do not prefer setting exposure via manual mode, you can directly fix it using the exposure compensation (EV) setting/button.

Some digital cameras have a dedicated button “+/-” button for it; otherwise, you can find it in the menu. Increasing EV value makes the image brighter, and decreasing it makes the image darker. Using + to increase EV will make images brighter and save shadow details. – will decrease the brightness and save the highlight details.

Low Contrast and High Contrast

In a High Contrast Histogram, the value of pixels is at both the left and right extreme. In these histograms, mid-key pixels are usually very less than high and low-key pixels. Such images usually have a striking contrast in tones and have a strong visual impact.

In Low Contrast Histograms, all RBG and greyscale peaks are mostly in the center. The extreme sides of the histogram do not have pixels at all or very few of them. These are mostly for the images with most mid-key pixels. These images do not have highlights and shadows, but they also don’t have any strong visual impact.

What is an Ideal Histogram for an Image?

As mentioned before, an overexposed histogram or an underexposed histogram isn’t necessarily bad. Many factors (such as exposure triangle settings, shooting conditions, photographer’s requirements, filters and effects, et cetera) decide what an ideal exposure for a certain image is. Besides, a histogram displays the information of pixels and their tonal values.

It can help identify the exposure problems, but it is not the standard for good or bad exposure.

But ideally, a perfect histogram is in which pixels are spread throughout the graph from extreme to mid-tones. Ideal histograms show that there is a perfect exposure balance in the image.

Get Best Results using Histograms

By now, you must understand the importance of a histogram to get an image with a balanced exposure. Understanding histograms and the factors associated with them can help you take your photography to the next level.

If your digital camera allows you to preview the histogram before shooting, you can use it for your benefit. Histograms show more accurate colors compared to the LCD screen. Bright or low light in the surroundings, quality of LCD screen, battery level of the camera can depict colors of images, unlike the actual color.

Whereas histograms show more detailed information about colors than a human eye can also analyze, it is much accurate than analyzing exposure with the naked eye.

The photos I used are mine, and you can get them for free from my gallery. Free full rights too  🙂 Enjoy!

Camera shutter speed explained

One of the three essential components of photography is camera shutter speed. It combines with the two other pillars – Aperture and ISO – to complete the exposure triangle.

Shutter speed is a fundamental concept and is responsible for two essential things: to change the brightness of the image and to create dramatic effects such as blurring motion or freezing action. In this article, we will go in-depth about this basic photography concept.

We will explain everything in simple language, from introduction and definition to how it works and connects with other concepts. We will cover every aspect so that you can master it.

The Camera Shutter

It is due to the camera’s shutter, the shutter speed exists. The camera shutter is a curtain that stands in front of the camera sensor and remains closed until the camera is fired.

So if the camera is fired, this shutter opens up quickly and exposes the sensor to the light that could pass through the lens within those moments.

As soon as the sensor collects the light, the camera’s shutter immediately closes down so that no more light can hit the sensor.

For firing the camera, you need to press a button, and that button is known as the “shutter button,” as it eventually leads to the trigger, which opens and closes the shutter and results in the image being captured.

The Shutter Speed

Now let’s come to Shutter speed. In simple language, it is the amount of time the camera shutter opens. It is the length of time the camera sensor is exposed to light; thus, it defines how long the camera takes to capture a photo.

It has a significant impact on the final images as it affects the appearance and quality of exposure.

Here are some ways in which shutter speed can have a significant influence on your photos:

If you use high shutter speeds, which means that you expose the sensor to light for more extended periods, the first impact will be motion blur.

Considerable shutter speed means that moving subjects will get blurred along the direction of motion. This can add an artistic effect and is mostly used in bikes and car advertisements to intentionally blur moving wheels to communicate a sense of speed and movement to the viewer.

Long shutter speeds are also used to create a sense of motion on waterfalls and rivers and photograph objects in dim environments, especially at night with tripods like the Milky Way.

It is also used by Landscape photographers to intentionally blur the subject while keeping everything else sharp to draw attention.

On the other hand, photographers use short shutter speeds to do just the opposite. This means that they expose the sensor to light for shorter periods to freeze motion.

They are a fast shutter speed, which helps eliminate movement so that even fast-moving objects look still. It is used to capture things such as cars driving, birds in flight, or sports activities.

Thus, if you use fast shutter speed to take pictures of water, then every water droplet will be captured hanging in the air completely sharp. So shorter shutter speed can even achieve those things which are not yet visible to the eyes.

So now you know why shutter speed is crucial as it controls all the above actions. By just merely controlling the shutter speed, you can add a new perspective to your photography. Let’s move on and discuss how shutter speeds are measured?

Measuring the Shutter Speed

Shutter speeds are measured in seconds. They are represented as fractions of a second, as they are usually under a second. So ¼ speed means a quarter of a second, and a 1/350 means one-three-hundred-and-fiftieth of a second.

Present-day DSLRs and modern mirrorless cameras have shutter speeds of a minimum of 1/4000th of a second, and the latest technology can even handle quicker speeds of up to 1/8000th of a second.

So imagine how fast these cameras are. Simultaneously, the most extended shutter speed available on most DSLRs and mirrorless cameras is mostly 30 seconds.

And if you want an even longer shutter speed, you can get them using external remote triggers, extending the time if necessary.

To help you better understand the camera shutter speed, I am inviting you to watch the YouTube video by Benjamin Jaworskyj. In his lesson ”Shutter speed – easy explained – Photography Tutorial for Beginner” which is covering very well the topic:

The link between Shutter Speed and Exposure

The most impact that shutter speed has is exposure as shutter speed controls light and impacts the image’s brightness. Thus, shutter speed is a vital element of the exposure triangle as any alteration can profoundly affect the picture’s exposure.

For example, if you use a long shutter speed, you will be providing your camera sensor with a lot of light so that the resulting image will be wholly bright with high exposure.

While if you use quick shutter speed, you will be exposing your camera sensor to only a small fraction of light, so the resulting photo will be darker with less exposure.

However, as the shutter speed is not the only element in the exposure triangle, the other two components, Aperture and ISO, can also affect an image’s brightness.

So shutter speed is interlinked with them, and the actual brightness of the picture is defined by the combination of three. So you do get some flexibility when deciding shutter speed for a perfect exposure as you can alter other settings with it.

But for that, you need to have a thorough understanding of the connection between ISO aperture and shutter speed to balance them optimally.

Setting Shutter Speed

In most cameras, shutter speeds are automatically handled by default. Usually, the camera is in “Auto” mode, in which all the settings, including shutter speed, aperture, and ISO, are chosen by the camera without your input.

You can change this by changing the camera mode to make your own decisions and experiment with your images.

There are two modes through which you get to choose the shutter speed manually, and these are:

The first is the “Shutter Priority” mode, in which your camera allows you to set shutter speed but automatically selects the aperture. In contrast, ISO can be set either manually or automatically.

The Second is the “Manual” mode, in which your camera allows you to set both the shutter speed and aperture manually while ISO can be set either manually or automatically.

Just be careful when choosing shutter speed, as a small change can make a huge difference in your results. Therefore, it is better to start using the auto mode and gradually transition to manual mode once you have grasped the basic concepts.

Conclusion

I hope this article has made it easy for you to understand shutter speed, and you will apply it more effectively.

Remember that to master anything, and you will have to practice a lot. So go out in the field and experiment with different shutter speeds so that you can master it.

Believe me. Once you have this concept cleared away, it will make it easier for you to progress in your photography journey.

What is the rule of thirds in photography?

If you have stepped into the world of photography, then you must have heard about the rule of thirds. It is a big deal, and if you don’t know exactly what it is and how it works, things can get confusing for you.

This is because excellent images don’t only depend on lenses or cameras and require effort with the settings.

So to capture the majestic photo, you need to focus on compositions as well. What is the rule of thirds in photography? It is all about twerking your scenes to make them more attractive.

It requires some time to become proficient at applying the rule of thirds, but after some practice, it becomes second nature, and you would be able to see a significant difference it brings about. If you want to make it even easier for you to understand and apply it to gain remarkable results, then scroll down and read our in-depth description of it.

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We have covered everything, from basic definitions to advance workings. Everything is simplified so that you can concentrate on the subject as well as compositions.

Let us begin by giving you a brief introduction to it:

What Is the Rule of Thirds in Photography?

The rule of thirds is one of the essential photography composition’s rules. It is a photography term that you cannot shake as it is vital for the perfect composition. We won’t say it is infallible because sometimes it can be broken.

It helps photographers to make or break their scene by letting them separate the wheat from the chaff. This is why the thirds rule is also a significant attribute for creating extraordinary images, just like the camera lens.

It is a composition tool that works with other photography elements to make the image stand out from the crowd. It is a fundamental tool at your disposal, which is easy to master, as all it requires is an eye for detail and loads of practice.

It is beneficial in scenes where the location being captured has been done to death, and composition is the only thing that can save it. Using the rule of thirds, you can arrange the subject and objects with a newer perspective to make your image unique.

This is done by dividing your frame into thirds, both horizontally and vertically, and then experimenting with placements within the nine equal rectangles.

Besides the rule of thirds, it is beneficial to learn about symmetry in photography. You can read more about it on this pixpa.com post Symmetry In Photography – 7 Great Tips.

How is breaking the photograph into thirds helpful?

By breaking the picture into thirds helps you with the arrangements and leads to better composition. As it will lead to nine equal rectangles, you will have four intersection points which you can use to place your main subjects.

With the photograph divided, you can change your head’s composition and then set it in on the digital camera. Luckily, with most modern mirrorless systems and DSLRs, you don’t even have to think as you have the option to set it on the LCD screen.

With the grid right before your eyes, you can easily alter the photographic composition in the best way possible. Don’t worry; these dividing lines won’t become a part of your photo and are just visible on the LCD for helping purposes.

Remember, the essential elements of the rule of thirds are the four intersection points, and they must be used for placing the points of interest or main subjects in your scene, or else the rule of thirds will fail to serve its purpose!.

Why does it matter so much?

Well, the rule of thirds can be used in two ways, and both of them matter as they lead to capturing the viewer’s attention. You can use it for both landscape and portrait photography.

When shooting location (landscapes), it will matter because it will help you place the horizon on the two-thirds line. So whether your image holds one-third sky and two-thirds landscape or it contains one-third landscape, and the two-thirds sky is decided via the Rule of thirds.

When shooting a subject (portrait), it will matter because it will help you determine which intersection the subject should be placed in. This leads to the creation of more interest as the subject is kept out of the center.

So summing it up, the rule of third balances the relationship between interesting elements and negative space, thus giving the scene an optimal composition.

If you prefer video to read at any point, please enjoy Orsi Stekler’s tutorial about the rule of thirds. It is very illuminating:

What are Points of Interest, and why are they so important?

As mentioned above, the intersecting points of the dividing lines are focal. These are the places where Points of interest should be placed. Now the question is, what are these points of interest, and why are they important.

The answer is that most images have one or a few specific points of interest, which hold power to draw attention; for example, humans have eyes as strong interest points.

So when applying the rule of thirds of photography, points of interest become essential compositional elements and should be placed at the focal points. Even for landscape shots, the theory remains the same as some elements present at the location, most prominent.

And placing these elements at the right intersection will help your photo become more balanced. So Points of interest are vital as they help create more energy, tension, and enthusiasm. They will result in the viewer’s eyes subconsciously falling on these points, giving your image a more dramatic look.

To make a great addition to this post, I am inviting you for a 7 minutes read Beginners Guide to Rule of Thirds in Photography by Gurpreet Singh on pixpa.com.

Breaking the Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is one of the most fundamental composition tools and is very easy to use. It is something that the beginners are told to grasp tightly to learn it fast. But as we mentioned earlier, it isn’t infallible; that is why don’t grasp it too tightly and make it a necessary obligation.

It is easy to pick up, but that doesn’t mean you have to use it every single time. It is the most common composition element overused and abused because photographers are unwilling to break it.

Well, the truth is that rules have to be broken at times, which is precisely the case with the rule of thirds.

Sometimes circumstances allow you to break the rule of thirds because breaking it reflects a more practical choice and better meets the purpose. There are examples of photographs that have won awards while breaking the rule of thirds simultaneously.

Many pictures have subjects placed smack-bang in the center, and yet they succeed in grabbing attention. The reason behind it is that the concept of image and content takes precedence over composition and outweigh the rule of thirds.

As the composition is only there to boost the photos if the content is lacking, the rule of thirds cannot be applied when content is there!

But whatever the case, rule or no rule, you have to learn it because to break it, you first need to know when and how to use it!

I hope this article resolves all your queries, and the information provided helps you in your photography adventure. You can use the rule of thirds to create exceptional images with the perfect composition.

Ultimate guide for Mastering Digital Camera Manually

If you aren’t experienced with the camera or don’t have any formal photography training, then it may seem that using manual settings to control your camera isn’t your ground.

Undoubtedly, Auto and Semi-Auto modes are great for beginners and give you ease of use, but once you explore the benefits of using Manual Mode, we are sure you will prefer it over Auto mode.

Manual mode is one of the critical settings of DSLRs. You can fully control three things via manual mode: Aperture, ISO, and shutter speed. All three features are essential in shaping the results of your image. All three shape ‘The Exposure Triangle.’ The exposure triangle controls the overall look of the image as well as brightness.

Ultimate Guide for Mastering Digital Camera Manually

Controlling the settings of your camera helps you to customize your image as per your requirement. You can have everything under your control, either it’s the look of your photo or its brightness level.

In auto settings, the camera settings change as per conditions around the camera, and it takes you away from having your desired results. Still, if you are shooting in Manual settings, there is no way that your set shutter speed, aperture settings, and ISO settings change as per conditions or from one shot to another until or unless you change them.

This post will be your ultimate guide to mastering the digital camera, and you can also download it by clicking the green link.

You will find details about every aspect of your digital camera settings. Isn’t it an overwhelming idea to have full control of your device? No doubt it is, and this writing will put full effort into assisting you to gain such power.

With the cameras’ advancement, now there are several buttons in the camera and several built-in settings for different features. Comparing manual settings to all these new modes, some users might think that using manual mode with advanced cameras is old.

No doubt those modes are high, easy to use, and modern, but they can never eliminate the importance of manual settings. No camera mode in the world is smart enough to capture as per user requirements on their own. The more you have the device under control, the more you can have the desired results.

You can utilize all of your creativity with all the control in your hand. You can have more professional touch in your clicks. I observe that the more you will get out of Auto modes, the more artistic touch you can bring in your images. All you need is to master three natural elements of The Exposure Triangle.

EXPOSURE TRIANGLE:

Learning how to control the exposure triangle is vital to do wonders with the digital camera’s manual settings. As explained in the introduction, the Exposure Triangle comprises three sides; Aperture, ISO, and shutter speed.

Just as all three sides of the triangle have to come together to form a triangular shape, the same all three elements of the exposure triangle must come together to give proper exposure (how bright or dark the image is) to an image. Only manual mode allows you to control the exposure to obtain desirable results fully.

Let’s take a look at the details of the exposure triangle’s three elements for better understanding.

Aperture

Aperture controls the depth of field, i.e., how much the image is in sharp focus. The circular hole’s size in the lens allows the amount of light to pass through it. The sharpness of the image varies as per the scope of this hole.

More specifically, the camera’s aperture is explained as ‘the aperture, and the optical length of the optical system determines the cone length of a bundle of rays that come to focus in the image plane. An optical system typically has many openings or structures that limit the ray bundles.’ It is equal to the focal length of the lens divided by the diameter of the glass.

The camera image sensor catches your shooting scene and focuses on it when the device’s shutter release button is pressed. By controlling the aperture manually, you can control the hole’s size, determining the amount of light to pass through the lens.

It is essential because the amount of light reaching the sensor decides the brightness of the image. More light, more bright the image is. Manual control helps to achieve the desired brightness.

Aperture size is measured or referred to with ‘f-stops.’ F-stop or focal length/diameter directly depends on the circular hole’s size. Moving the f-stop by one point either doubles the exposure or halves it.

Increasing exposure by one stop means that you doubled the opening area, and now the double amount of light can pass compared to the previous point. Decreasing the exposure by one point is when you half the amount of light reaching your sensor.

Beware not to get confused between apertures and their f-stop numbers. The larger openings are given smaller f-stop numbers, whereas smaller ones are given larger f-stops. Mastering f-stops manually will help control the depth of field, another critical factor to consider for best results.

Aperture has significant impingement on the depth of the field. It is the area of the image, which will be the focus of your image. F-points and depth of field are directly proportional to each other. When there is a more significant field, most of the image is focused, including both foreground and background.

More significant numbers of F-points (small aperture) will give you a considerable depth of field. Usually, landscapes are captured in this format. Opposite of large aperture is shallow or low depth of field. It is achieved by decreasing the number of F-points, i.e., increasing the opening and allowing more light to pass through. In these images, one part of the photograph is focused, and all other elements are blurred. It comes in very handy in portrait photography.

Mastering aperture can be your key to master the exposure triangle. It will help you to utilize your artistic capabilities the way you want. It controls the brightness of the image and field depth, but aperture can be a powerful creative tool if used manually.

Shutter speed

Shutter speed is also an essential variable of the exposure triangle. It is also referred to as Exposure Time. It is the length of the time for which the camera’s digital sensor is exposed to the camera shutter’s light or opening when taking a photo. Simply, it can be explained as the amount of time for which a digital sensor faces the scene. Shutter speed is measured in seconds.

There are varieties of shutter speeds available in digital cameras. The most common available shutter speeds are 1/500, 1/250, 1/125, 1/60, 1/30, 1/15, 1/8. The average shutter speed for the best results is 1/60. Below this, it becomes difficult to handle the camera. Increasing or decreasing shutter speed affects the final results.

Using a longer shutter speed means exposing the camera sensor to the scene for a longer time. It can create specific outcomes such as motion blur. Motion blur means that moving objects will appear blur in the direction of the movement.

Quick shutter speed can freeze actions, i.e., eliminating motion from fast-moving objects. Slow shutter speed has its significance. It gives a sense of movement to the object you focus on, whereas keeping the surroundings sharp.

As a photographer, fast shutter speed sounds fascinating, but what shutter speed is suitable is usually dependent on scenery circumstances. As explained earlier, the fast shutter speed will sacrifice the light and motion blur, but the results are quick.

It gives the best outputs in well-illuminated conditions. Low shutter speed means more light reaching the lens because of more exposure, but the risk of motion blur. Motion blur is very useful to create artistic effects while keeping the surroundings sharp and clear.

In many car advertisements, motion blur is highly used to show the speed of cars, etc. It can be used in capturing water-scenery to add aesthetics such as waterfalls, flowing streams. When you are shooting in low light places, over-exposure is necessary, and in that case, low shutter speed is there to rescue you.

Focal length is another crucial factor to consider while choosing your SS. In case you do not have in-camera image stabilization, you will face camera shakes depending upon the focal length. Focal length must be considered while choosing your shutter speed. For longer focal lengths, faster shutter speeds are best and vice-versa.

Every person who starts using manual shutter speed keeps doing unique experiences with the shutter to find the best one. Usually, the shutter speed between 1/500th and 1/100th of the second turns out best. Neither it’s too fast nor too slow but a moderate one.

When you are confused about what speed you should use, stop thinking, and use a number between these two limits, the results will be satisfactory. This speed limit is fast enough to slow down the moving objects, surroundings, and person, but on the other hand, it is not that fast that you are going to need to use a wide aperture or High ISO in well-illuminated conditions.

You can not enjoy the benefits of shutter speed from Auto or Semi-Auto modes. Though it is a game of a fraction of seconds, it can change your photograph’s full look. When you capture the image in auto or semi-auto mode, it might be the case that the camera settings are over-exposed or under-exposed for the results you are looking for.

Lighting is so important that it can change the overall look of a photograph. Shutter speed is one of the critical things controlling, which means that you’re being controlling light leading to the control over the final results of the image.

ISO

ISO represents the third point of the exposure triangle. Simply, it is said to be the sensitivity level of your digital camera to the light. A more technical aspect is involved with it as compared to the previous two.

ISO determines the in-camera amplification of the light signals produced by specific scene luminance of the scenery, F-stop, and shutter speed while keeping the image sensor’s same sensitivity. It can also be defined as the digital equivalent of film speed. More film speed causes more sensitivity to the light.

Same as aperture and shutter speed, ISO ratings also range from highest to the lowest. The numbers determine the ISO value. Keeping ISO on a smaller number means that now your camera is less sensitive to the light. Generally, the values of 50, 100, and 200 are considered as lower values.

Higher the number of the ISO, the higher the level of sensitivity. Increasing its value by one time doubles the sensitivity of the sensor. Decreasing value one time halves the sensitivity of the camera sensor.

Low ISO readings and high one’s both have separate significance. Increasing the ISO increases the sensitivity of the digital sensor and allows you to work with less lights. When you shoot with the manual mode in low light and work with increased aperture and shutter speed, you won’t find any other option but to increase the ISO.

But shooting on higher values comes with one drawback; noise increases and sharpness decreases caused by fluctuations in image signals. Noise, in this case, can be explained that with higher ISO’s, the image signal is generally close in magnitude to the noise; thus, noise entering the image.

On the other hand, low ISO ratings give out very different results. One advantage of the low ISO is that the light given in exposure is more accurately represented.

The best thing about this side of the exposure triangle is that you don’t need to set ISO again. In case you are shooting in the same lighting conditions, you don’t need to change it until the lighting conditions change. Usually, it is also seen that even in Manual mode, photographers seem to prefer ISO in automatic mode.

We also highly recommend it. For example, if you are shooting inside, lighting levels can still fluctuate. In that case, automatic ISO can be helpful and makes shooting an easy job.

Using ISO might seem technical, but once you do it, you can achieve beautiful results. The light sensitivity of the sensor matters a lot when it comes to the outcome of your image. Once you learn to deal with light sensitivity via ISO, you can create different effects, and you will become pro in handling the camera in various types of lighting conditions.

It must not come to you as a surprise that the first important thing for a photographer is to have a camera, and the second important thing is lighting conditions. ISO settings assist photographers with both camera and lighting conditions.

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Few standard exposure settings:

Now you know in detail about all the three sides of the exposure triangle, knowing these quick exposure settings will be useful for you.

  • Urban, Street, and Landscape photography: it needs just an ample space and sharp focus. Low aperture settings, lower shutter speed, lower ISO, and you are good to go.
  • Vintage look: using the high ISO can result in classic vintage look photographs. In this scenario, aperture and shutter speed will depend on lighting conditions.
  • Low light situations: you can get pretty good pictures even in low light by keeping ISO high, aperture wide, shutter speed slow.
  • Action shooting: higher ISO and faster shutter speed works best for action shooting. It can freeze motion, create crisp, and delivers a more crisp image than usual.
  • Portraits: for portraits, the best combination of the exposure triangle is high aperture settings, faster shutter speed, and lower ISO.

OTHER CAMERA SETTINGS:

The exposure triangle is just the basics from the world of manual settings of the digital camera. You need to master a lot more stuff to master the digital camera.

There are white balance settings, histograms, rule of third, Mlu and bracketing, camera focus, the center of confusion, metering, and a lot more. Every factor from these settings impact the camera operation and final results. The exposure triangle is just a primary aspect.

No matter it controls the image’s look, but for full control, much more is needed to be mastered. Perfect artistic touch can not be achieved in your photographs if you just stick to ET and ignore all other aspects of manual mode. You can take exceptional pictures from others by developing intuitive knowledge about applying different fundamentals of manual control.

Correct color settings and lighting conditions are crucial elements to ensure the quality of the image. Usually, photographers face the issue of image being underexposed or overexposed. Incorrect camera settings produce these issues.

You can focus on the exposure triangle elements and ignore other manual settings, but you can not achieve a perfect image this way. You just have to spend a little amount of your time on these settings once in a while, and the results are overwhelming.

In general, you can manually set most of these settings once and then prioritize the sides of the exposure triangle, and you are good to go. We will explain settings other than Aperture, ISO, and shutter speed to better understand their importance and how you can utilize them effectively for the best results.

Rule of Third

Our ultimate guide for mastering digital cameras will explain one of the most common but important photography rules called The Rule of Thirds. It is straightforward to learn and apply. The third rule is the type of composition in which an image is evenly divided into thirds, both horizontally and vertically. The image’s subject is placed at the intersection of those dividing lines or along one of the lines itself.

You can simply say that it is the rule about having nine parts of an image by breaking it into thirds both horizontally and vertically. Learning the rule of third is essential for photographers to create well-balanced and appealing shots.

The rule of thirds suggests that instead of placing the subject in the center, you should divide the image into thirds, and the subject should be placed on one of those sides to create a sharper image. For a balanced and robust image, some photographs use more than one point from 9 parts of the third rule, while some use a single line or point from the overall composition and let other elements fall freely wherever they want to fall.

Usually, the four intersection points of these thirds are where subjects and their sharp compositional lines of the image are placed to a perfectly balanced picture.

This rule also states that the model on which the rule of third is applied, the viewer of that image can interact with it more naturally. This is stated as a result of several studies which results showed that when a person is viewing an image, typically his eyes go to one of the interaction point rather than the center point of the shoot.

Applying this rule just goes with the natural way of viewing an image. Applying the law by placing the subject on the intersection of dividing lines of thirds can help if you want to grab more attention from the viewer.

Is the rule of thirds important? This question must be arising in your mind. It might come to you as a surprise that several photographers do not know about it and do not intend to apply it, yet they are often using this rule in a very fair manner.

Photographers who don’t have proper education about photography don’t know there is something like thirds, and it’s rule still they are using it without thinking about it. It is just a single composition technique for them from many of them.

If you break this law, it doesn’t mean that you are going to have unbalanced images. You can still balance the picture, but your results will not be that perfect, which you can get by applying the third rule. In short, you can say that using the law is beneficial for your image results, but breaking it would not cost you anything.

There is a famous quote: “for breaking the law, you must know the law first.” That’s precisely what we recommend here. You can break this law, but you must know about it and its applications if you are a professional photographer.

In case you want to break it, it’s not a very difficult job. This rule can be break by framing an image so that subjects or lines do not fall on the areas of thirds. After breaking the law, a successful image can still be created as long as lines and other elements highlight the picture’s subject.

Photographers can use different aspects besides thirds to capture the viewer’s attention, i.e., color contrast, photography symmetry, angle of image, et cetera.

This rule is also significant for the editing of the photos. And honestly, it is not very important at the time of capture but editing. Cropping and reframing images to fit in the thirds of the rule adds up in the final results. You can also find several editing programs and software with proper cropping tools available in the market to reframe the snap within the rule.

This rule is more of a set of guidelines. In the aspect of the composition of your image, it enhances the picture’s quality, unlike any other rule of photography. So it is highly recommended to learn the application of the rule of thirds.

White balance

White balance is also referred to as color balance, grey balance, and neutral balance. The global adjustment of the colors of images’ intensities renders the specific colors, mainly neutral colors, correctly. Using white balance correctly, a photographer can capture an image with natural-looking colors regardless of the conditions around him.

White balance works as a process of removing the color casts that might appear un-natural to ensure that the objects that appear in person are also rendered as white in the photograph. White balance does so by taking account of the color temperature (warmth or coolness of the white light) of the light source.

The majority of the photographers use it regularly to counteract orange/yellow color emerging from artificial light sources.

Colors play an essential role in the overall look of the image. Using the right white balance settings, you can control colors in the image by eliminating the unwanted color casts under different situations, affecting and making pictures appear unnatural.

Most of the time, the colors in your photos will look pretty close to how they looked in real life. However, your camera is easily confused and can sometimes make the colors too warm or too cold. Auto modes try to guess the right colors, but they are not always right.

Using manual white balance settings, you can eliminate this problem. Photographers need to understand the white balance or color cast can ruin your perfect image.

Using manual white balance, you are customizing your own as per your preference. It will enable you to take your photos to the next level. In customizing it, the primary thing is to understand the environment (choice of coolness or warmness depends on the situation).

You can do so by holding your sensor in front of any white surface or whitepaper in that environment and then adjusting the kelvin setting to a higher number (cold) or a lower number (warm) until the piece of paper looks white to your naked eye. Live view can also help in understanding the temperature.

Your white balance setting can be accessed either in your camera’s menu system or using a dedicated button labeled “WB” on your camera’s body. Hold it down/press it, and you will be able to scroll through the different icons representing different lighting situations.

Professional-level cameras often have a dedicated button to access white balance presets. On lower-level cameras, you may well find you can choose presets from the menu system. You can find this in the shooting settings. Setting white balance manually involves taking a photo of something white or mid-gray in the same light, which is the source of light for your subject.

After this, you select your camera’s Custom White Balance mode and tell the camera to use the photo you just took of the white or mid-gray content as a reference. Once the reference photo is displayed, press the “SET” button in the middle of the rear thumbwheel again.

Your camera will now use the white balance derived from this reference photo for all future photos until you switch white balance modes or show your digital camera another reference photo.

In manual control of white balance, for precise control of your camera’s white balance, some cameras allow you to select a specific color temperature from the Kelvin scale. The values are usually mentioned in the camera’s user manual about using your particular camera model.

In case you cannot find it in the manual, you can look up for universal values of the Kelvin scale’s temperature. They generally apply to all white balance settings.

Try to practice the above-explained method of manually controlling WB. The unbalanced settings will leave the color cast on your image spoiling the image’s look, no matter how perfectly balanced other camera parameters are. As good as camera Auto WB is, it is not perfect.

With ample practice, you can learn how to tell your camera to use a reference photo to choose a more accurate white balance setting for the scene you wanted to photograph. It will give you maximum control.

We recommend you to master the exposure triangle first and then study the white camera balance as the next step. Take the time to practice it. Once you understand how the color of light affects you, you can control the way your image looks.

Histogram

A histogram is a tool that helps you to get the correct exposure for the image. The histogram’s technical definition is a bar graph of a frequency distribution. The bars’ widths are proportional to the classes into which the variable has been divided, and the heights of the bars are comparable to the class frequencies.

You can simply say that your image’s tonal values are graphically represented via histograms if you are trouble understanding it. It graphically represented the pixels exposed in your image to the brightness.

On a histogram, different sides of a graph shows a separate message. The left side of the chart shows the right sides represent shadows and blacks (low light), highlights and bright sides, mid-tones are represented by the middle section, and peaks on the graph represent the tally of pixels in that particular zone.

Histogram gives complete information about the number of specific brightness tones found in your photograph ranging from black (0% brightness) to white (100% brightness). We can use it to fine-tune and evaluate our exposure precisely.

The histograms are usually represented in their respective colors. New-age digital cameras have four histograms; luminosity histogram, red-sensitive pixels, blue-sensitive pixels, and green-sensitive pixels. The last three histograms are collectively referred to as color histograms, and they are displayed in their respective colors.

Luminosity histogram is the primary and most used one. The histogram will come up in most of the cameras when you press your camera’s display, info, or directional menu-pad buttons. If you cannot open it via these options, you can find it in manual settings.

This article is all about mastering digital camera using manual mode. It also makes histogram essential for us. The histogram graph shows you how much of your scene will record as a shadow, how much as a highlight, and how much in between.

It gives detailed information on the exposure of the camera. Using manual mode, when you adjust your camera’s aperture, shutter speed, and ISO manually, the histogram graph will show you details of exposure. You can quickly evaluate that either brightness is as per your requirements or over-exposed / under-exposed.

You can effectively utilize the feature of histogram, three things are required:

  1. Knowing how to read the histogram
  2. Knowing what kind of brightness, darkness, and contrast is needed by your image
  3. Knowing what you are trying to produce

Learning how to read a histogram is essential to utilize it better. You can understand combinations better by identifying what your graph is depicting. When you see most of the chart towards the right, it means your image is over-exposed or high-key, as in technical terms.

The majority of the graph body towards the left shows that the image is under-exposed or low-key. If most of the graph is in the middle, it shows that id tones dominate photographs. It is a U-shaped graph.

Errors of exposure can also find out by histograms. Important information about the image is shown via the figure of the histogram. Clipping is a thing that shows the loss of detail. A histogram is referred to as clipped when a specific portion on the graph is touching either edge.

Highlight clipping is when the graph reaches the right side showing entirely white areas or missing the detail. It is because of over-exposure. Shadow clipping is when the graph moves the left edge because of under-exposure showing the areas with missing information and completely black.

Clipping represents the loss of data from that region of the image. Shadow clipping is usually much more noticeable on the histogram than highlight clipping since there is often a buildup of data on the left side of the scale that reaches the left edge.

Highlight clipping can be a bit more subtle and technical aspect, as only a small tally of pixels in the image might be blown-out highlights. Clipping can be adjusted by adjusting exposure settings using the exposure triangle.

Histograms can give you plenty of information about your exposure settings, but you should not solely depend on them for evaluating your exposure settings. There are many factors on which the correctness of exposure depends, but you can always refer to it to know whether you clipped any detail, tone detail of image, et cetera.

It can be your perfect companion while exploring the manual mode of your digital camera.

Depth of field

It is one of the critical phenomena in digital photography. It is defined as the distance between the nearest and the farthest objects in acceptably sharp focus in an image calculated based on focal length, distance to subject, the acceptable circle of confusion size, and aperture.

Photographers tend to adjust it via the aperture, but there is much more of DoF than this. Taking advantage of DoF can enhance the quality of the image.

There is always an area of your image in front of and behind the subject that will appear in focus in every picture. Depth of field is the zone of sharpness within a photo that will appear in focus in front and behind your subject. DoF varies from image to image.

The aperture (f-stop), distance from the subject to the camera, and focal length of the lens on your camera are the factors that decide about it.

Two categories describe the doF of an image:

  1. Shallow depth of field
  2. Deep depth of field

Shallow one is where the narrow zone of the image appears sharp and preferred by most photographers. It makes the focal point of the image sharper and center of attention by blurring the details in the subject’s foreground and background.

It is advantageous in wildlife and sports photography for making the subject stand out from its surroundings. It can be useful in low light situations because shallow DoF requires increasing your aperture size, and this will automatically give you more light to your camera sensor.

In the deeper depth of field, most of the image appears sharp. It is the best choice when you are using a wide-angle lens for covering most of the area. Landscape photographers’ preference is this DoF for keeping the maximum area of scenery in focus. It can be achieved by keeping the aperture small.

You can remember about depth of field with the help of this key:

  • Small F-number -> Big Aperture -> Shallow Depth of Field
  • Large F-number -> Small Aperture -> Large Depth of Field

Manipulating the depth of field between these two extremes is the key to controlling how someone viewing your photo sees what you were trying to capture. By manipulating the field’s depth, for example, you can decide to keep the background in sharp focus. After all, you want the viewer to see the monument you’re standing in front of or gently blur the background into a soft backdrop for a portrait because you want the viewer to focus on the person’s face and not the hustle behind them.

Here are the few steps, master and manipulate the depth of field:

  • First and foremost, adjust the size of your aperture correctly. You can get more depth of field using smaller apertures. Aperture is dependent on f-points, and f-points play a massive role in the depth of field. If you want sharp DOF, avoid using wide apertures. When the aperture is wide open (smaller f-stop numbers), it causes the main focal point to focus while the rest of the photo is somewhat blurred. This blur is commonly known as bokeh in the photography world.
  • Keep in mind the distance from the focal point. The more you move closer to your main point of focus, the image’s depth of field decreases; moving further away increases field depth.
  • Choosing the right focal length for the eyes. At the same distance to your subject, the shorter your lens’s focal length, the higher your depth of field. With a longer telephoto lens, the depth of field decreases.

Having a prime lens with a large maximum aperture makes it easy to manipulate DoF. As aperture defines it as explained earlier. Being aware of the field’s depth is tremendous, and it can help you improve your photography with any kind of camera. Still, if you want to manipulate it consistently actively, you need a camera that allows you to show in aperture-priority or full manual mode to adjust the camera’s aperture.

Mlu and bracketing

Using MLU and bracketing correctly can help you to obtain the professional-level photos.

When you see a perfect image, it is not the only image captured at that time. Behind a great picture, there isn’t one shot but several. Multiple shots at the same time are captured using bracketing. It is a technique that enables the photographers to of taking several shots of the same subject using different camera settings.

This mode is found in most DSLRs and mirrorless cameras. Bracketing can automatically make photographers’ work easy when they have to take more than one shot in a sequence with each successive shot’s adjustments.

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Using bracketing to take multiple shots to increase the odds of creating a perfect image. Bracketing should not be confused with the burst mode though both can be used together. Some of the types of bracketing are:

  1. Exposure bracketing: it is highly used in HDR photography. With this mode, a set of photos is captured at a time, but every picture has different exposure. Because of varying exposure in every photo, each one appears different from the others.
  2. Focus bracketing: in this mode, the focus is shifted for every image. It also involves merging different pictures taken with a slightly different focal length to increase field depth.
  3. Aperture bracketing: in this mode, several shots can be captured with different apertures. It is a helpful mode for people who don’t know how to use an aperture.
  4. Flash photo: a method which captures photo with varying powers of flash
  5. White balance bracketing: the white balance bracketing captures a set of shots, but every shot different from others in terms of coolness or warmness level.

Either there is a dedicated button in the cameras, or you can adjust it from settings. It is represented by the word bracketing or the abbreviation BKT or AEB (auto exposure bracketing). You have to set bracketing mode manually and set the number that how many shots you want to take at one time and how much variation you want in aperture, white balance exposure, focus, etc., depending upon the model you choose.

Auto-bracketing is also present in modern DSLR. When set, it will automatically take several bracketed shots, rather than the photographer altering the settings by hand between each shot.

MLU, on the other hand, is the abbreviation of Mirror Lock-Up. It is a useful feature in many Single Lens Reflex (SLR) cameras to get sharper images. It makes the mirror flip up for a moment before you activate the shutter to eliminate the vibrations caused by the fast-flipping mirror can cause sharpness problems.

Using MLU, a photographer can reduce vibration-induced motion blur during exposure. It also allows the mounting of lenses that extend into the SLR’s mirror box when mounted. With the block of mirrors, you can minimize the vibrations, so they don’t mess-up with the sharpness of your shot.

MLU is used in the camera for very long, i.e., film days. It is effortless to use. When you are using MLU, you have to press the shutter button twice to capture the image. Upon pressing the first time, the camera raises the mirror. For the second time, it activates the sensor, and the camera proceeds to capture the photograph.

The mirror lock option is located at different places for different cameras. Generally, you can find it in custom settings or tools in general settings. If you don’t yet have a professional tripod and ball head, MLU is one setting you should pay attention to when using the faster shutter speed. MLU shows the best results when used with tripods. Usually, a delay of 2 seconds will give most of the benefit of this feature.

Metering

Metering of digital cameras is referred to as how a camera measures exposure. The metering has several modes that allow the user to select the most appropriate one for various lighting conditions. Camera Metering or Metering mode is present in almost every digital camera.

A photographer must have information about the metering to achieve excellent results in unusual lighting conditions. Meter can read the levels of brightness. This helps determine the perfect exposure by measuring the light or intensity of the scene you are trying to capture.

As we are talking all about manual mode, which is dependent on the exposure triangle, this also makes metering important. The camera’s metering meter helps you determine the correct shutter speed and decide what aperture should be, depending on the amount of light that goes into the camera and the ISO.

Automatic metering is useful but, to a certain extent only. To grow your photography abilities, learning metering modes is necessary. Good photograph revolves around stable lighting conditions and exposure, and these modes make tricky light conditions seem much less intimidating.

There are four main types of metering modes:

  1. Evaluative or Matrix metering mode
  2. Central weighted metering mode
  3. Partial metering mode
  4. Spot metering mode

Evaluative or Matrix mode is the default mode on most of the digital cameras. It works by dividing the entire frame into multiple areas or zones. All analyzed on an individual basis for light and dark tones, i.e., for highlight and shadow (bright and dark) information.

Once that data is collected, it calculates the average value of exposure required. After analyzing these zones, the metering meter decides which area is essential to it. This area is the area of the image where you are focusing. The variables of the equation of metering or exposure calculation vary from manufacturer to manufacturer.

Instead of focusing on the whole frame in central weighted metering mode, light in the middle of the frame is evaluated, and all other sides are ignored. Its main difference with the evaluative mode is that it analyzes the zone’s data focusing on the image. In contrast, the central weighted mode concentrates only in the center, no matter you are focusing in that zone or not. The central portion of the frame can be 75% or more.

Usually, the subject tends to be placed in the center of the image, so many professionals prefer it. Its level of accuracy is also better than other modes. You can also adjust the diameter of the central weight area.

As the name shows, spot metering evaluates the light only around the spot, which the photographer focuses on. Beside that spot, everything else is ignored. The exposure is measured for a single zone, nothing else. The area measured is typically the center of the image, and it uses a 3 to a 7-degree range of measurement.

It is usually less than 5% of the area of the frame covering the spot only. This metering can be advantageous when capturing small objects, for example, a wildlife photographer capturing a bird or little species. In case your subject isn’t taking much space in the frame, central weighted or evaluative metering is never a good idea.

Partial metering is not very common. Few manufacturers add it to digital cameras. In partial metering, the built-in light meter will read the light from an area the size of 6-15 % of the center of the scene, depending on your camera manufacturer.

To change the metering mode, you must go through the camera settings as it varies from manufacturer to manufacture. Generally, it is done through a key combination or a settings button, camera menu, or a dedicated metering button in most of the devices. The metering button is usually placed close to the top LCD. In settings, the Metering icon is represented by an eye-shaped graphic within a rectangle.

Using metering modes can be a great help in perfect results. These work best with well-illuminated conditions. You can choose the best-suited mode depending upon your subject and lighting conditions.

Generally, Center-weighted works best for the scenes with high contrast and the primary subject to be correctly exposed. The Spot metering works best for back-lit subjects, and spot metering is best for tiny subjects.

Circle of confusion

In the photography world, a circle of confusion is an optical spot caused by a cone of light rays from a lens not coming to a perfect focus when imaging a point source. It is also known as a disk of confusion, circle of indistinctness, blur circle, or blur spot.

It is referred to as CoC and used as a tool to determine the depth of field. How sharp your lens is, it is directly related to the center of confusion. When you are controlling the depth of the field manually, you should have an understanding of CoC. COC also defines how much a point needs to be blurred to be perceived as unsharp.

When the circle of confusion becomes perceptible to our eyes, this region is said to be outside the depth of field and thus no longer “acceptably sharp.”

When an image is captured, usually one point is fully focused, and other areas besides the point of focus are less or partially focused. The degree of defocus (diameter of the COC) depends on the focal length, the aperture number of the lens, and the camera and object’s distance.

If the camera’s aperture is circular, any point source’s image is a small disk, known as the circle of confusion. The distance of 0.01 inches (upon enlargement) is considered as standard by camera manufacturers.

The circle of confusion’s calculated value is available on the internet, but you can always use a calculator to calculate it for a specific shoot. While calculating this value, you must keep in mind the factors on which CoC’s calculation depends. These factors are:

  1. The enlargement of the final image from the original. It means the expansion of the image from the initial capability of the sensor of your image. For example, if the camera’s size is 24 x 36 mm, then the image produced beyond this size is enlargement. This influences your circle of confusion.
  2. The distance from which your final image will be viewed and captured. When an image is obtained from a distance, a blur spot can often be perceived as a singular point. As the range is reduced, the blur spot can be seen as a blur spot. The relationship between the blur spot and distance makes it essential to consider the distance between camera and subject while calculating CoC.
  3. The visual accuracy of the eyesight of the person viewing the image. This factor is necessary to consider, but it is not something that you can control. Visual acuity varies from person to person.

There is another term in COC known as a circle of least confusion. While focusing the subject in the defocus, the smallest spot that a lens can produce is often referred to as the circle of least confusion. Another common term related to COC is “acceptably sharp.”

It refers to sharpness to all the areas other than the subject, which are out of focus. In general, this might seem technical, but once you perfectly master it, you can enter a new world of creativity and aesthetics.

Camera focus

Ordinary photographers tend to use autofocus, but professional photographers know the importance of setting the lens’s focus by hand. Manual focus might sound old school to many people compared to a high-end digital SLR camera’s autofocus, but there is still no replacement for it. Learning to shoot with manual focus is an essential part of learning to master the manual mode.

If the automatic mode is giving perfect results, then why exactly I need to use manual mode?!

This question must arise in the mind of any user who never experienced with manual focus. As the answer to this question, the first and foremost thing you need to know is that automatic autofocus aims to make sure that light hits the sensor to produce the image, no matter over-exposed or under-exposed.

In automatic mode, the final look of the image is dependent on the built-in settings. Also, auto mode can never achieve manual mode precision besides causing several issues such as the focus on the wrong part of your subject, causing shutter lag if you don’t pre-focus, etc.

When you start using manual mode, you can feel that it is taking too long, but it is nothing in front of the focus precision you are getting. Professional’s choice is always manual because of precise control over a shot’s focus.

Manual focus is the best choice for situations where the subject isn’t moving much, such as macro, portrait, and low-light photography. It does not mean that manual focus can’t be used in action photography. You can always pre-focus the area you want to focus on in the case of action photography.

Manual focus is controlled via a focus ring on the body of the camera. The information about focus mode is displayed on the digital camera’s LCD with other camera settings upon pressing the info button. Either you are an expert in using manual focus or a learner, you need to keep few things in mind for focus precision. These things are:

  • Turning the focus ring on the camera until the subject sharpens ultimately.
  • Fine-tune the focus until you feel that the object is crystal-clear
  • Switching camera to live view mode

Some optical scenarios are challenging for autofocus. In those conditions, using autofocus results in either focus on the wrong subject or no focus at all, resulting in blurry images. Macro and landscape are one of those situations. Here are few details about some of those conditions and the user manual in those:

  • Crowded settings: in overcrowded environments, autofocus gets confused with the number of things subject to. It makes it hard for it to identify what to focus on, for example, shooting flowers in a field. Manually you can focus on the subject entirely.
  • Macro: it is a general understanding that manual focus takes more time than autofocus. It is wrong in the case of macro photography. The depth of field is shallow for macro shooting, making it difficult for the auto mode to find the point of focus. This difficulty leads auto to take more time than the manual, so it is better to use the manual in the first place.
  • Shooting condition with low illumination: either you are shooting with low light conditions or with a small aperture, it is difficult for autofocus. Low light is reaching the sensor of the digital camera, and results with autofocus are under-exposed images. In low light conditions, the best choice is to switch to manual focus and be sure to hold the camera very steady when you get your shot.
  • Landscape photography: an issue which is often seen in the images of landscape captured by not expert photographers is blurred scenery because autofocus found something in the background or foreground to focus. This issue can be resolve by using a manual. Just focus on something far in the distance while you’re in autofocus; this will force your lens to focus on infinity. Then, lock that focus by switching to manual before snapping your photo.
  • Street photography: with closing your focus and aperture, you can shoot continuously without changing either one of those settings. This makes it useful for street photography, where you have to capture a lot. Using manual focus, you won’t have to worry about changing the settings repeatedly for every image.

Devices we rely on for best images:

Either you are an immature photographer or a professional one, you can always enhance your images using several accessories with your digital camera. Our ultimate guide for mastering digital cameras is dedicating a whole section about the gadgets and accessories, which can help you expand your capability to capture exciting and innovative photography.

Working conditions are continually changing for a photographer, such as lighting is never the same; exposure is shifting from over to under, et cetera. It truly depicts the proverb; the only change is permanent.

There is an incredible world of photographic gear out there that can assist you in every type of condition. Polarizing filters, tripod, lights, pair of batteries, dedicated lens, camera strap, camera backpack, memory cards, monopod, flashguns, light reflector, remote shutter release, battery charger, camera cleaning kit, card reader for memory card, power bank, lens cloth, lens covers, teleconverters, LCD viewfinder loupe are some of the accessories on which you can rely for best images.

Some of these accessories come with camera packaging, such as batteries. Purchasing all other accessories is also a good decision. It is just like an investment that would not cost you a fortune, but it pays back you a lot.

These devices are not only helping you to take better quality photos, but they can also enhance the life of your digital camera by protecting it and keep you shooting when disaster strikes.

In this section, you can find information about the most common accessories used with your digital camera for better images and how you can use them. I hope it will help you decide what accessory you need to buy next from the full range of photographic equipment.

Tripod

Camera shakes are a common problem that results in a blurry image. Using a camera tripod gives you an instant increase in your pictures’ sharpness and overall quality by holding the camera in a still and precise position.

There are several tripods available in the market in different ranges, quality, price, and sizes. Even if you are short on your budget, very economical options of tripods are also available.

With the advancement in camera functionality, i.e., higher ISO, faster shutter speed, it is now necessary to own a tripod. If you do not own a tripod already, there are many benefits which you are missing.

Using a tripod, you can photograph in low light and long exposure. Have more stable and sharper images, spend more time capturing an image than instant handheld shots, frame and adjust shoots with ease, facilitate your shot sharpness with minimal movement, and a lot more. After knowing about all these benefits, you must not have a second thought about buying it.

There are several options for tripods available in the market. Which one should you buy it? Which type compliments best your digital camera? Some of the categories which you can consider are:

  1. Tabletop tripod: these are the simplest tripods used with a compact camera. They are small in size, but shorter tripod legs give you better stability than long legs because of this small size. You can also get a variety of angles to shoot macro photos, down close to the ground. There are three further types of tabletop tripods; Joby, wide-legs, pan-tilt head. They have limited use but are the best choice if you do not do much outdoor shooting.
  2. Compact tripods: these tripods, also known as Travel tripods, suits most of the users. It is easy to carry around and extends to a pretty good height, and readily available at a reasonable price.
  3. Full-size tripods: these tripods are best buddies of location and studio photographers. The extension limit of these tripods is longer than all other types. Often wheels are attached with them for smooth movement. These tripods are not the right choice for beginners and work best for professional studio photographers.
  4. Unique tripods: this category includes several tripods. These are Ultra tripod clamp, Tilting center post, Backpackers delight, video tripod, Flexible mini.

Most common tripods are available in two materials; carbon fiber or aluminum. Carbon fibers are lightweight and are usually very good at dampening vibrations and shocks. Their construction can save you around 30% of the weight. Aluminum ones are cheaper but heavier. Besides these two types, you can also find them in plastic and wood material.

Tripod you need depends upon the kind of shooting. Many people find the tripod heavy to carry around. A monopod (tripods with a single leg) can be a great substitute as it is lighter and can hold up heavy cameras and lenses with ease.

When you are buying a tripod, here are a few things to keep in mind to choose the best one.

  • What is my budget to buy a tripod?
  • Is the tripod easy to use?
  • How much stability is it offering?
  • What is its weight?
  • How long it takes to set-up?
  • What is the maximum height of the tripod?
  • What is the contracted height of the tripod?
  • How much length of the tripod is my requirement?
  • What is the best available brand for my budget?
  • How much weight can the tripod support?

Consider these little points, and you can choose the best tripod for your digital camera. Tripods can hold your cameras steady enough to take a sharp photo using a given shutter speed. This doesn’t necessarily mean that this the only reason to buy a tripod. Owning a tripod can be an excellent addition to our camera equipment and should be used to your advantage in low light and when photographing longer exposures.

They will help you by providing more stability, slowing you down when taking pictures, and facilitating minimal movement when framing and capturing your shots.

Light

The most important thing in digital photography is lighting. A good photograph is all about utilizing light in the best way possible. No matter how much effort you are putting in capturing an image, only disturb lighting, and you will end up with a grainy picture.

Good photographers know that light is much more than how dark or bright your image is. A person can genuinely master photography’s subtle art when he is aware of taking control of everything from natural light to flash.

Manual control is always the best option to correctly set the camera to expose the available light correctly. Besides manual settings, all digital cameras have built-in flash to add additional light to your image while you capture it.

You can illuminate well using these two sources from digital cameras, but they are sometimes not good enough. External lighting sources can be your savior in such conditions.

The first step in figuring out what settings to use to take a photo is to measure the light. An accurate light measurement makes choosing exposure settings on your digital camera much more accessible. The more specific your analysis is, the image has more balanced exposure.

Artificial lighting is most famous for professionals. The tools which photographers commonly use to modify light are reflectors, diffusers, and Gobo. These tools can dramatically eliminate the issues of over-exposure and under-exposure.

These tools can modify the light you have available or the light you add with flashes and strobes. Here is a little introduction about these three standard tools:

  1. Reflectors: as the name shows, reflectors reflect the light. They bounce back the light when it hits the scene. There are lots of different types, sizes, and makes of the reflector, and they are usually not very costly. Reflectors generally come in the form of a circle covered in a reflective material often seen in shootings, but they can be walls or ceilings. These are very easy to use, collapsible, and can fold up to a fraction of their size. These reflectors come in a variety of colors. Each color has a different effect. Gold reflector gives a warmer look and can be used to provide images of the impact of sunlight or sunset. Silver reflectors are widely used, and they reflect most of the light without changing the color of light. White reflectors make the light soft and do not reflect most of the light like others. Black reflectors absorb all light and don’t reflect at all. There are also mixed reflectors with multi-surface, which is usually based around a translucent diffuser panel. This is great for softening direct light.
  2. Diffusers: these are used to reduce the intensity of light. These are simple light modifiers. It attaches to the upper part of an external flash unit. It’s used to soften or spread the harsh, concentrated light that bursts out of the flash, creating a more even and flattering light on the subject. Soft boxed and shoot through umbrella are commonly used diffusers. <-Affiliate Link 🙂
  3. Gobo: GOBO stands for ‘go-between object,’ and it’s merely a light modifier that goes between your light source and your subject to modify the light. Snoots, barn doors, and snits are commonly used Gobos.

If you are not using any artificial lighting source indoor, there is still a chance to have the right image in natural indoor lights if you utilize it well. Keep a few things in mind when you are dealing with indoor natural light, such as:

  • Know well about the area from where natural light is entering the room, i.e., doors and windows
  • Avoid electric light with natural light.
  • Wide-open your aperture
  • Use reflector or lightbox.
  • Use mirror
  • Place subject close enough to the place from where light is entering
  • Use curtains if the lighting is harsh.

Filters

Lens filters are made up of glass or resin and serve many purposes in photography. They are attached to the camera lens body and usually restrict or modify the light reaching the sensor.

With the advancement in digital cameras, now almost every camera has built-in filters encoded in software. Still, to date, no filter is good enough to replace the old school filters, which are attached by hand. Commonly, lens filters come in two types:

  1. Screw-in filters
  2. Slot-in filters

Screw-in filters are also called as circular filters. They are directly placed on the lens and fits directly on to the lens. Polarizers and UV filters <-Affiliate Link 🙂 are screw-in filters. The only problem with these filters is that they have a specific width. One filter which you bought for your lens might not fit on another lens. The more the lens you have more filters you are going to need.

Slot-in filters are costly than screw-in filters because they can be used with a variety of lenses. For this type of filter, a filter holder with interchangeable rings is placed on the lens adapter ring, and filters are dropped into the holder. Cooling filter, warming filter, and ND filters are the type of it.

Lens filters provide extra protection to the lens and alter light passing characteristics through the lens, add special effects to images, enhance the colors, reduce reflections and glares, and fully or partially reduce the amount of light passing through the lens.

Filters can be made from glass, plastic, resin, polyester, and polycarbonate material. Glass filters are typical of the highest quality. Still, they are fragile and break easily as compared to plastic or resins made filters.

There is a wide range of uses of these camera lens filters, such as in cinematography, photography, and many other situations. These filters protect the camera lens, enhance colors and contrast pictures, reduce reflections, and help get better optical performance from your lens in adverse lighting conditions.

No doubt, these filters are a must part of a professional digital photographer. They know that no amount of tools in the lightroom, Photoshop, and software-generated filters can replace quality introduced in the picture by lens filter.

A lens filter is a pure glass or resin, but it can give you multiple advantages. Camera lenses are usually costly, and the filter can protect them from damage. There are very cheap transparent filters available in the market for this purpose. They effectively protect the glass or lens against scratches, dust accumulation or water damage, and cracks.

Filters can alter or boost colors in the image. Proper exposure is the primary criterion for the right picture; filters can make exposure more aesthetic by correcting the scene’s color temperature. When you use fast shutter speed, filters are the best thing to even and adjust the exposure. Filters do so by restricting the excess amount from entering into the lens. These are also helpful in avoiding several post-photography.

These glass elements can also be useful for increasing contrast in an image, creating more vivid colors, eliminating glare and distracting reflections from water and glassy surfaces. Filters can help you to enhance images. Special effect filters are specially designed for this purpose.

Sunset, sunrise, mist and fog effect, autumn tints, sky color altering, black and white, and few other effects can be created by using them. If you are a landscape photographer, specialist color temperature filters can be an excellent choice for you. These filters can alter the color temperature by changing color tone without a color cast.

Here are those camera lens filters, which cover almost every type of photography needs. Also, it is mentioned with them which filter goes best with what kind of photography.

  1. UV and skylight filters –for all kinds of photography.
  2. Polarizing filters or polarizers –all types
  3. Neutral density filters or NHD filters –landscape and flash photography
  4. Graduated neutral density filters or GND (Hard edge GND filter, Soft edge GND filter, Reverse GND filters) –landscape photography
  5. Colored filters –all
  6. Close-up filters –macro photography
  7. Special effect filters –all

Importance of a photography mate

Significant and vital events such as parties, conferences, theater, and sports require more than one photographer to better cover the event. Among all the significant events, a wedding can be listed as the most important one. It can be a once in a lifetime day for the client.

The wedding day’s day pass, but it is the wedding photographer’s job to make the couple relive the day whenever they look at the photos. It isn’t easy to cover the event single-handedly, so the best thing is to work in a team or having an assistant.

Photography mate can provide invaluable support throughout the job, and he/she can perform similar tasks that the photographer was supposed to perform. In case your photography mate is your assistant and not a proper photographer, he can still be accommodating.

He performs several tasks to save the photographer’s time and help him to focus on photography only. These tasks are setting up and taking down equipment, fetching and carrying gear to and from the workplace, helping with the shoot itself, downloading/backing up digital image files, taking readings of the light intensity, and other manual activities.

The assistant photographer usually sets up and takes down equipment and deals with manual stuff such as taking metering readings, so his expertise in manual settings is somewhat necessary.

They should also know photography tools and know the correct device to use in given scenarios because their duty includes the proper tools for the job to hand to the photographer. A photographer should look for creativity, technical knowledge, level of understanding, and organization in the assistant before hiring him.

Working in a photography team, all shooters are usually trained in the same style and specifically designated roles. What a photography team can deliver; a single photographer can never do it. In a wedding, multiple angles apply, and every aspect can be relevant to the client. Every angle of them is essential, and a cohesive team will allow every critical moment, every important expression, to be captured.

There can be a single scene but multiple pictures, and each picture different from the others. Because the more the teammates, the more they can capture images with different lighting styles, different crops, or different angles can double or even triple the number of great pictures delivered to the client.

Several emotions are going in a single moment. For example, a bride walking downs the aisle. Bride’s feelings, groom’s anticipation, and then emotions at her arrival, families and friend’s emotions and reactions. A single person cannot save every moment with the eye of the lens.

When working in a team, photographers can specify their roles and, i.e., one photographer can stay with the bride, and others can focus on the groom and his surroundings.

When more than one photographer is working at one time, creativity is automatically doubled. The creativity of two people doing the same job simply works on one plus two phenomena equals two. When only one person performs the job, he would prefer to play safe and stick to standard pictures.

When there are two or more, they can take a risk with different angles. The more the risk is, the more return. With the help of a teammate, you can capture more details.

Working with a teammate can also save a lot of post-production time. Especially in wedding photography, post-production work is very hectic and costs the bulk of the photographer’s time. Culling 2,000 to 3,000 images into a few hundred, perfecting them, and providing album designs takes up a lot of time. Working with a second, you can save as much as half of the time.

Adding more people to your team can, however, result in more stress and headaches. To ensure you keep your business running smoothly, ensure that everyone knows their work, effective communication in the team, and try to give photographers training about what you want from them and how you want them to work.

Importance of extra gear:

Photography is a vision, art, imagination, observation, exploring the world, and day-to-day life with a camera. Photography is a powerful tool to tell a story, to share a moment, to spread information. Photography is a creative process and a way to express your idea through images and convey emotions to the viewer.

This process cannot be completed without the assistance of extra accessories such as a backpack, extra set of batteries, memory card for storage, cleaning kits, a spare lens that can complement the job you are performing, et cetera.

Digital camera in our life is also essential as it slows down the pace of life and freezes time. It tells a story, helps us find the beauty in our everyday lives, the beauty in the overlooked and under-appreciated, the beauty in wrinkles and sags and gray hairs, the beauty in ourselves. It holds a mirror up to humanity and shows us what’s real, what’s right, how unique we all are, and how much we have in common. It helps us remember our loved ones, remember that cute dress we wore to that party, remember that intimate conversation we had with our mom, or the shared laugh we had with our best friend.

To make moments extraordinary, along with the digital camera, many other things play an essential role in maintaining those moments. The considerations of such items should not be neglected, or else it would be destroyed.

The side items include a backpack, <-Affiliate Link 🙂 extra batteries, memory cards, cleaning kit, spare lens (prime, macro, etc.). Each of these items holds a specific place and makes the images more impressive and remarkable. The foundation of the best photography skills depends on the availability of these items as well, importantly.

Even if you know a little bit about photography, you still can’t deny the importance of having side accessories with your digital. You should add these accessories to your equipment gallery. If you don’t want to spend your fair bit of money on buying numerous accessories, here are some must-have accessories that can help you with several devices.

  1. A backpack
  2. External hard drive
  3. Memory card reader
  4. Extra batteries
  5. Sensor cleaner
  6. Lens cleaner
  7. Sensor or lens cleaner solution
  8. Grey card
  9. Polarizing filters
  10. Extra lens
  11. Remote
  12. Tripod
  13. Strap
  14. Memory card holder
  15. Flash
  16. power bank

Let’s discuss the importance of the most important one of the items separately.

Starting from the backpack, it’s a cooler way to hold the items in it. Not just from the photography point of view, but it can also hold other items. It is also imperative because it helps in accumulating all the necessary things that are needed for photography.

Being a fashion statement it also helps to secure the things well. The materials and the compartments help in holding the things well. It’s a convenient store that is affordable as well and easy to carry.

Being easily available, another important fact about them is that it balances the weight on the back, instead of putting it on the one side of the body only. The thick straps make it comfortable to carry and are distributes the weight evenly. In a rush hour moment, the multi-skilled pockets help a lot in holding up the things, from big to small, and in a very organized manner.

The lens, camera, and small things would not get affected whenever the backpack has a fall. It’s a shock-absorbing bag and prevents fragile things from any harm. More so, if you are traveling, you can fit almost everything in the backpack, from clothes to toothbrushes and everything you may need.

Coming towards the importance of batteries, a photographer should always have an extra battery to remain active while using the camera. Obviously, most photographers do not want to add more weight and make their cameras bigger and bulkier, but often that is a sacrifice you may have to make.

And once you start using a battery grip, you won’t be able to go back to a camera without one. Most of the time, the battery of the camera can capture approx. 400 to 500 pictures. If only the camera mode is on pictures. If the same camera is used for the video, it will deplete the battery further.

Having an extra battery is an important aspect of photographing on tour, traveling, and other events such as weddings, receptions, or nature hikes.

To continue capturing moments without losing a temper, the need for the extra battery that should be charged is critical. Stopping with the photography in the middle of an even or a tour just to recharge the battery is unprofessional and impractical.

A charged battery out of the camera will normally hold its full charge for several days or more, and this behavior will allow the photographer to be ready at an instant to capture the moment without losing a sequence in between the event.

Along with this aspect, the battery grips also play an important role. Extra weight makes the camera heavier, but since that weight is placed under and behind the lens when you are using heavier lenses, it helps mitigate the front center of gravity and places less weight on your wrist.

Another factor instead of the heavyweight is that it may allow you to use the camera for longer periods. It helps in holding your vertical and horizontal shooting as well.

Not only cameras but the memory cards <-Affiliate Link 🙂 also play an important role in modern-day photography. This is because of the availability of storage they offer to us for pictures and videos. Although the memory cards’ performance also depends on the features it encompasses, like write speed, read speed, warranty, reliability, etc.

There are several micro SD cards, as well. They are beneficial to have around and are cheap, so the photographers always carry one or two just in case they need to use a micro SD card.

Having a proper photography kit is important to have marvelous pictures. But cleaning that kit is also important as it helps in making your picture natural and clearer. The information about the cleaning kit is necessary for all the photographers that would let them be better.

The dirt only leads to frustration in capturing the image and takes extra time in the editing stage. A proper kit is available for cleaning the lens, and if you’re considering buying any DSLR camera, don’t forget to buy the cleaning kit with it.

Regarding upgrading your photography skills, all you need is to use a new lens or an extra lens. A good lens means everything in getting the right shot. It’s not just the amount of zoom you have or how wide it can get, but the glass’s quality, the maximum size of the aperture, and other characteristics.

Every lens has a different focal length and f stop that plays a role in capturing the images. Adjusting these two points with your lens’s help and making the lens’s correct use according to the scenario makes the picture marvelous.

Cleaning Digital Camera:

If you’re fond of photography or take it as a profession, you might have noticed dark spots indicating that your sensors are dusty. Camera dust damages the image quality and consumes too much time to edit out sensor dust.

To find out sensor dust, you just need to shoot a clear piece of paper or clear sky, and you will get the idea of how badly you need to clean your lens and sensors. It may seem difficult or complicated to eradicate the dust from the lens and sensor, but it is quite easy and simple.

This topic provides a complete guide about general cleaning, cleaning lenses and filters, cleaning camera sensors, and digital cleaning kits.

1. General Cleaning:

There are many variations in using tools to generally clear camera lenses, filters, and sensors. However, few steps are universally accepted, which gives you comfort that you’re doing it rightly. Following are the general step to be followed:

  1. Location: Choose a clean environment with little air, must not be polluted.
  2. Battery: Fully charge your camera battery if it is not fully charged or less than half.
  3. Tools: Make your access easy for all the necessary tools.
  4. Cleaning Mode: Concern your manual and set the camera to cleaning mode.
  5. Position of Camera: Give easy and visible access to sensors, remove any attached lenses, and upside down the camera back on the flat surface.
  6. Use tools to clean camera:
  • Sensor Blower: Send a few puffs of air into the camera body while the camera is confronting downwards. After each puff, trust that any residue will settle out. When complete, you’ll, as a rule, likewise need to utilize one of the different apparatuses beneath.
  • Sensor Brush: Gently place the bristled finish of your brush at the edge of your camera sensor, and follow the movement appeared in the outline above. Apply without a doubt, extremely lightweight — significantly less than if one were painting — since sensor brushes work by electrostatically pulling in dust particles to their strands, and not by really scouring these off the sensor genuinely. Simply attempt to whisk away the residue.
  • Sensor Stamp: Gently press the cleaning end of this device against your camera sensor’s surface, yet abstain from hauling this over the surface since it can leave streaks or scratches. On the off chance that the stamp territory is littler than your sensor’s zone, use positions that limit the occasions it should be squeezed against the sensor.
  • Sensor Swab: Affix the cleaning tissue as far as possible from your cleaning instrument, and spot 2-3 drops of cleaning liquid on the tip of your device (if either wasn’t at that point played out how it came). Tenderly spot the tissue-secured end of your device on the edge of the sensor.

Check Cleaning: Turn your camera off and re-append your focal point. At that point, step through an exam photograph of a smooth, light surface utilizing your focal point’s most elevated f-stop esteem. Counsel the “how to find sensor dust” directions toward the beginning of this instructional exercise for extra subtleties on playing out this progression.

If the rest of the residue is unsuitable, at that point, you’ll have to rehash the above advances — maybe by utilizing a progressively forceful device, for example, a sensor swab rather than a brush.

2. Cleaning Lens and Filters:

The focal point pieces that are generally presented to the earth are the first component and the focal point’s barrel. An ideal approach to ensure the front element is to connect a top-notch channel.

For the most part, the channel is substantially less costly than the focal point itself, will fill in as a guard that assimilates the gunk set out toward your expensive focal point optics. The channel will be cleaned similarly to some other focal point.

Brushes and blowers:

Regarding clean expulsion via air, the best strategy is to utilize a fan and abstain from using packed air. You can generally blow on the focal point with your lung power; however, be careful with splashing your focal point with spit or your lunch.

A blower should be obligatory gear in your DSLR camera pack for a sensor and focal point cleaning.

Material, Tissues, and Cleaners:

Focal point tissue is moderately cheap. One utilizes just, and it would be ideal if you Dispose of the fabric in the wake of cleaning your focal point.

Microfiber cleaning fabrics are famous too. Keep them clean, as they will probably be utilized for different cleanings, and you would prefer not to re-apply earth and grime or particles that may scratch your focal point.

On the off chance that you wash the material, abstain from utilizing fluid cleansing agents. Utilize your cotton T-shirt at your hazard. Once more, if the focal point needn’t bother with cleaning, don’t perfect it, yet on the off chance that you wind up isolated from your focal point cleaning rigging and need to evacuate a smirch, utilizing a clean 100% cotton T-shirt and warm breath isn’t the apocalypse.

Once more, maintain a strategic distance from liquid cleansers. You will discover better (and more secure) results with committed focal point cleaning tissues and fabrics. Cotton swabs are a decent choice for cleaning and can be particularly compelling for cleaning the focal point edges.

Facial tissue isn’t suggested, as certain brands are grating, and others contain oils and moisturizers that can mark your focal points. Numerous focal point makers showcase uniquely detailed focal point cleaning arrangements intended to suit optical coatings.

Once more, these are generally modest. However, on the off chance that you need to make your answer or store a 50-gallon drum of the stuff, the utilization of reagent-grade isopropyl liquor is suggested. De-ionized water is additionally protected. However, it is anything but a committed cleaner and, similar to dampness from warm breath, might be influential on water-dissolvable smirches.

Try not to utilize CH3)2CO. CH3)2CO is an incredible cleaner. Simultaneously, it could effetely affect the focal point barrel’s plastic and paint, when used on-camera focal points just as the optical coatings. Once more, don’t utilize CH3)2CO.

Cleaning Technique

Cleaning in concentric circles will lessen the events of streaking more than working over the focal point. Working from the inside to the edge will move garbage to the focal point’s sides, away from the picture hover’s focal point. On occasion, the articles don’t get evacuated. While cleaning, apply just enough strain to evacuate the culpable smear.

Focal point Cleaning Miscellany

On a DLSR (or SLR), when you glance through the viewfinder, ordinarily, you will see bunches of residue specs all through the picture. This residue is on the camera’s mirror and won’t influence the photo.

The mirror can be cleaned, yet the silvering is exceptionally sensitive. Additionally, utilizing air blowers may blow dust from your mirror onto your advanced sensor, which will influence picture quality.

A note to clients of game optics, telescopes, and night picture takers: be careful with investigating your focal point for tidiness with a shading sifted spotlight, as a portion of the earth and smears may not show up.

You may finally clean your focal point mounts (camera and focal point) with a material and focal point cleaning arrangement. The computerized contacts that permit the focal point and camera to impart may require incidental cleaning.

Make sure to utilize an alternate fabric from that used for the optics, as cleaning a metal focal point mount to clean it might give minor metal flotsam and jetsam on the material that ought never to be acquainted with the glass.

3. Cleaning camera sensor: (next digital camera cleaning kit)

If you often see small dark spots in your images that seem to show up in every picture and at the same place, it means that your camera sensor needs cleaning. These dark spots are dust particles that get sucked into the camera body while zooming in/out and focusing.

These dust particles show up in every image and ruin its quality, so it’s necessary to clean the sensor. It is also good to clean the camera sensor from time to time because sensor dust can never be seen through the viewfinder; it only shows up in the same spot.

While cleaning the sensor, make sure that your camera’s battery is fully charged. If it is not, a camera may turn off mid-clean. It can damage the sensor if it runs out of power. The items you require for sensor cleaning is sensor cleaning swabs, cleaning solution, bulb air blower, torch or headlamp, and sensor loupe.

You don’t need to buy them separately and just find some sensor cleaning kit as it has all of these items in it. Sensor cleaning kits <-Affiliate Link 🙂 are readily available in markets.

These are the three most important points to follow before starting the cleaning.

  • Fully charge battery
  • Clean off the exterior of the camera

  • Clean the workplace where you are going to clean the sensor

If you shoot mostly outdoors or switch the camera lens regularly, you should consider cleaning your sensor more often. As the dust cannot be seen with the naked eye, before you start cleaning your camera sensor, ensure that this cleaning is required.

You can find out this using this secure method: set your camera to the lowest ISO. It can then pick the smallest aperture and focus on a clean white piece of paper or any white surface. Enlarge that photo to 100 percent and check for spots or lines, which means there is a piece of lint.

You can always remove these spots in post-processing, but it is better to clean the sensor than spend extra time. If you happen upon something foreign on your lens, you will need an air squeeze bulb and a sensor scope. The sensor scope is a magnifying glass with a light to shine on the sensor.

If you turn your camera downwards without any lenses attached and gives a quick burst from the air blower, it will dislodge any dust.

You can also wet-clean the sensor. Remove the lens and place the camera on a surface with the LCD facing the floor. Select the manual cleaning option to lock up the mirror, and before that, make sure the battery is fully charged.

Remove a sensor swab and blow air to remove any odd pieces of dust using an air blower that may be stuck to the swab. Now put two or a maximum of three drops of cleaning solution on the cleaning swab. Avoid putting more solutions; otherwise, oversaturating it can leave streaks on the sensor.

With excellent care, place the swab onto one side of the sensor and, with not too much force, gently move the swab across the sensor in one smooth and round motion. After reaching the other side, turn the swab over and repeat the process, Do this in one fluid motion with no great force.

After this, you can turn off the camera and replace the lens and take a test shot to inspect for dust. If you see some dust remains, you will need to repeat the process, but it is essential to use another clean new swab. Do not reuse a swab.

4. Digital camera cleaning kit:

If your camera is dirty, not only will it mess up with the quality of your images, but also you will have to spend a lot of your time in post-production work. Some parts of a camera, such as a sensor and a lens, if they are not clean for long, it can destroy them, leading you to buy them all over again.

Buy a camera cleaning kit <-Affiliate Link 🙂 once, and you can stay away from these worries for a long time. Learning about the camera cleaning kit and its tools, you can easily clean your digital camera just like professionals. The professional cleaning kit helps you keep your camera clean and prolongs the life of your digital camera. Besides, they allow you to clean the device without potentially and permanently damaging it.

Professionals often keep cleaning kits with them, but beginners usually think of it as a waste of money. They tend to ignore time to time cleaning of their equipment. This doesn’t sound any big deal, but it can even cost you’re your camera in the long term.

Decreasing image quality is another con of not cleaning the camera. Besides fingerprint marks, dirt, grease, and other substances, cameras have to deal with their most lethal enemy, dust too. Dust tends to cause unwanted effects in our photographs from results similar to bokeh and can even damage our gear if we work with manual focus.

The fact that dust is present everywhere, no matter if you are indoors, makes it essential for every camera owner to own a camera cleaning kit.

There are several cleaning kits available in the market. Before buying any cleaning kit, make sure that it has essential tools, i.e., microfiber cloth, cleaning pen, lens brush, sheets of lens tissues, et cetera. Lens cleaning brush to sweep off debris, dust, and dirt from the camera should have soft bristles; otherwise, it can leave scratches.

Also, pay attention to cleaning liquids that come with the kit as some of them can be abrasive on the lens coating. Before using any tool, consult the manual directions in the manual or learn about that tool somewhere else. Without proper knowledge of using these tools, you can cause severe damage to the device. For example, if your camera is exposed to the sand and you pass a cloth over it to remove it, the sand particles will be dragged along the surface of the glass lens, scratching it, which will result in permanent damage.

Also, beware when you are dealing with liquid solutions to clean your camera. If you use the extra amount of it or over-flood the swab, the chances are that you might end up damaging the interior of the device.

DSLRs are slightly trickier to clean than mirrorless cameras, as you’ll need first to lock the mirror up to access the sensor, and don’t forget to charge your camera’s battery beforehand fully, so be very careful with all tools and their usage.

If you are confused that which cleaning kit you should buy, contacting the manufacturer or retailer of your digital camera can help you. They will recommend a suitable cleaning kit for your device, instruct you on how to do so, and probably even sell you specific tools for the process.

You can also ask senior photographers or take help from the source of the internet. Investing in one of the best camera cleaning kits is essential no matter what brand or model of the camera you own.

We tried to elaborate on everything in our ultimate guide of mastering digital camera manually for cleaning your digital camera. There are auto modes for other things regarding camera settings, but there is no auto mode for cleaning cameras, and you have to do everything by hand.

It is also essential to learn it because your little mistake can destroy the lens or sensor, and if things go severe, you have to buy a brand new camera. Cleaning the camera when there is visible dust is essential, but cleaning the camera from time to time, even if you feel that there is no such need to do so, can increase the life and better the results.

What did we learn from this guide?

In our ultimate guide to controlling a digital camera manually, we explain most of the things you need to learn to become an expert in the manual settings. From the primary settings of the camera known as exposure triangle to all secondary settings, from camera accessories importance to how to use them, from how you can clean your digital camera and with what you can clean your camera, everything is there in our ultimate guide.

Learning how to control the camera via manual settings, keep your camera clean, which things can assist you for better results, will immediately double up your creativity and photography results.

Try to put some effort into exploring in manual settings. It might be difficult at first, but you will never want to go back to Auto mode!

Wildlife photography tips and techniques

When any photographer ponders wildlife photography, he/she becomes tensed as wildlife shooting requires specific techniques and tips. But don’t worry, we have gathered for you the most helpful wildlife photography tips and techniques to make it easy.

You need to grasp only a few things before jumping into this beautiful world of nature with your camera. They will make your images stand out and make it easy for you to blend in with the environment and survive.

Wildlife photography tips and techniques:

From the right gear to the right attitude, we have compiled all the things you need to know. So add these 15 tips to your kit before stumbling on your next wildlife adventure:

You need a camera

The right camera can change the whole game for you. After that, invest in the right telephoto long lens, which is indeed a necessity in wildlife. Go for lenses from 200mm to 600mm. Sometimes even a wide-angle can be useful and create surprising results.

Better have a tripod

Tripod adds another feel to your images. Pair your camera with a stable and sturdy tripod and make shooting a lot easy and smooth for you. This gear is as essential as the camera itself and can lead to some advanced shoots.

It does indeed enhance your wildlife photography by adding stability. And nowadays they are so compact that they can be carried easily as well. So they don’t hold you back, thus invest in them.

Respecting the Wildlife

Wildlife photography revolves around shooting interactions between wildlife species. But for this, you need their cooperation, and for that, you need to respect them. If you want to create a moving image, then capture it most naturally without disturbing the animal. It should be the absolute top priority not to harm the creatures nor the environment in any way possible.

Never corner animals and always keep their comfort first. Like all subjects, wildlife also demands respect, so give them care to get extraordinary results.

Following the rules of the spots where you are photographing

Whatever your shooting jurisdiction is, follow its rules. These rules are for your safety and to preserve this wildlife. So stay on trails, respect the locals, keep the area clean, and follow codes of ethics. Act like a professional before demanding to be recognized as a professional.

Most of all, don’t be oblivious or disrespectful to fellow photographers as they are in the same boat as you. Like in all professionals, principles need to be followed in wildlife photography. If we don’t police ourselves, then we give superior authorities for policing and restricting us.

Remember, no matter how long your lens is, it does not grant you an exception to rules. So don’t become wild amongst the wild!

Become a Naturalist

The most crucial skill in any profession is research, and photography is no less prone to it. To become a professional wildlife photographer, camera and gear might be necessary, but so is research.

Because if you want to capture nature, you have to mingle with it first. So the tip is to become a Naturalist and get to know your surroundings before lifting the camera. Wildlife is not just about the right light or ISO, but it is also about the right moment. So, find out what animal you can find and how they live to capture the best shots at the most fantastic time.

The knowledge you will gain will help you survive and function well and improve the quality of images. You will be ready when the moments come by and find compelling images that would have been impossible to capture without proper research.

Getting Low

Wildlife photographers shouldn’t mind getting their knees a little dirty as exceptional images require bending the legs. It would help if you got low, as perfect wildlife photographs need eye level or even lower angles to capture the best shots.

So get prepared to also lay down on your stomach as a lower perspective can add a whole new feel to your photography.

Going Long

Long lenses are a must for wildlife photography as they let you isolate the pattern of animals. There is little doubt about the vitality of long lenses in a wildlife photographer’s kit.

So ensure that you have an optimal telephoto lens. It can play numerous vital roles, such as magnification, cutting out distracting elements, isolating the best parts, blurring foregrounds and backgrounds, and much more.

Going Short

Long lenses might be essential equipment, but not all exceptional wildlife images require a long lens. Sometimes wide-angle lenses can result in extraordinary photos that long lenses fail to capture. So study the circumstances and go short when needed.

Getting Close

Getting close to animals might be difficult, but it transforms a picture. It is indeed the best way to make your audience connect to nature. The easiest way to get close is by using a long lens.

This is the best method when the subject is too broad, delicate, or dangerous, wildlife, and cannot be approached directly. However, if the circumstances are in your favor and you can get close to animals, then do it as the connection it offers cannot be replaced by a long lens.

The details that emerge when you get a close-up, such as textures in feathers shine in the eyes, hold an entirely new and valuable meaning for the viewers. This physically getting close is itself an issue as it requires a skill. The best way is to be patient simply.

Getting Sharp

To make your wildlife images look real with a long lens, make them sharp. For this, you will require a fast shutter speed. So follow this rule of thumb, which involves setting a shutter speed at least as fast as Len’s length.

Getting Blurred

Animals are mostly in constant motion. Birds usually fly, kangaroos hop by, elephants swirl, and horses run. But to make these activities extraordinary, show these movements in the form of a motion blur.

This adds an effect that makes the image very compelling and helps it to stand out. So experiment with motion blur as it requires practice. Begin by slowing down the shutter speed to around 1/60th second and then adjust up or down to get your desired amount of blur.

Steady camera – moving wildlife

Use this technique to make images in which the background and surroundings are sharp, while the moving subject appears blurred. The beauty in balancing the blur as too much blur can cause the subject to disappear, while not enough blurred subject will only look out of focus. Reaching the right blur can be tricky but makes the image worthwhile.

Panning Blurs

A panning blur requires you to move the camera with the moving wildlife to create both the subject’s moving parts and the background getting blurred. This can result in some extremely effective and persuasive shots if done correctly.

Focusing on the Eyes!

The eyes behold the soul, and this is very true in photography. They are the first thing viewers look at, so focusing on them is doubly essential.

You can even make a simple image successful by just sharpening your camera around the eyes as they are mesmerizing and hold a lot of details. They not only capture viewers’ attention but also leave them awestruck.

Telling a Story

Like in all minds of photography, one of the most useful techniques in wildlife photography is storytelling. Most of the iconic wildlife images have something to tell.

The best images always express something more profound than not only looks dramatic to the eye but touch the soul. So ensure that your wildlife photographs carry depict something meaningful such as prediction in action. This doesn’t mean to be overdramatic as simple can also portray a lot of thoughts.

Even a basic interaction between two animals can be portrayed beautifully to tell a story. All you require is a bit of research on your subject so that you can mold it. It doesn’t matter which lens you use or how far you are. All that matters is the relationship between you, your subject, and how the viewer relates to it!

Conclusion

If you follow all the above-given tips, you will no doubt reach the height of wildlife photography.

Just put all these techniques together, such as the equipment and camera settings to perspective and story-telling, and you will surely be able to capture some great wildlife photos.

Finally, make sure that your wildlife photographs are thoughtful as they reflect your creative and intellectual choices.

So have an excellent time wandering the wilderness with a camera and with all the odds in your favor!

Conceptual and Fine Arts Photography Tips

Isn’t it surprising that the slightest change in technique and following a few tips and tricks can step-up conceptual and fine arts photography to a new level?

Indeed, it is!

Fine arts and conceptual photography are considered somewhat difficult and tricky compared to photojournalism, documentary, or commercial photography.

But in reality, it isn’t. If you are good at paying attention to details and envisioning artistic results, you can do wonders in these two photography genres.

This article will talk about some simple and practical tips to step-up your conceptual and fine arts photography. But first, for those who don’t know, let’s see what these two genres are:

What is Conceptual and Fine Arts Photography?

In simple terms, fine arts photography is where you are an artist as a photographer, and photography is the medium for you to express your art.

This genre is as commercial as any other genre of photography, the only difference is that it involves visioning, creative approach, and expressions more.

It overlaps with several other fields of photography such as fashion photography.

On the other hand, as the name shows, Conceptual Photography is based on a concept, idea, symbol, or theme.

A conceptual photographer makes an abstract idea to speak via a visual.

Initially, it was used only to illustrate an idea, but as time passed, now it also involves photography to document performances, conceptual art, ephemeral sculpture, or actions.

Most of the time these two are confused with each other. Simply, all conceptual photography is fine arts work but not all fine arts photography is conceptual.

Conceptual photography is a narrower field of the broader field of fine arts photography.

Commercially, this niche of photography is very successful for quality content creators.

Research shows that the yearly income of fine arts photographers range from $14,197 to $382,921 (average $69,208).

The middle 57% of Fine Art Photographers makes between $69,208 and $173,732, with the top 86% making over $380,000.

Tips for Better Fine Arts and Conceptual Photography Results

Here are 15 tips, helpful to every fine arts photographer; from beginner to a professional one:

1. Have a Clear Vision in your Mind

A clear vision holds a primary spot in these genres of photography. You can become a top-class fine arts photographer without a professional degree, but you cannot achieve even second-grade results with the nebulous theme.

Be very clear in your mind what you want results to look like. Brainstorm an idea.

Go through other work before deciding a theme of your work. Develop an artist statement for your project and then choose locations and subjects according to it.

2. Make only One Subject Focus of your Project

Using several subjects at a time can vague the message or vision you want to convey. You can choose a single subject and do experimentation with it to show your creativity.

To highlight the subject, keep the background as simple as possible. Avoid too many contemporary details and distractions in the background.

Instead, focus on being creative with your subject and try to convey the theme through it.

You can experiment with makeup, costumes, lighting, camera settings, props et cetera.

3. Use Colors to Demonstrate Mood of your project

Get out of black and white and experiment with different colors. In fact, you can use colors and grading styles as a theme of your project and differentiate your work from others.

Use them to evoke emotions and convey your message. For example, blue shows calmness and cold temperatures, warm tones show positive feelings.

Contrasting colors add dramatic effects. Do not bound yourself to a single tone.

4. Experiment with Setting of Your Camera

The more you understand the features and settings of your camera, the more brilliant your outcome can be.

Test out the camera in different settings in different situations—experience with motion blur, shutter speed, brightness level, white balance, and color temperatures.

Experimentation can be a great way to produce a masterpiece in fine arts photography.

Master the art of composition. Learn the rule of thirds (and then break it in an artistic way to add creativity). Understand the elements of the exposure triangle.

5. Set Your Imagination Free

Fine arts, especially conceptual photography, is all about how you envision things and process them.

The difference between an artistic mind and an average mind is imagination.

Do not stick to one style!

Experiment with new and out of box ideas to bring your concept to life.

6. Analyze the Work of Other Photographer

This might come as a surprise to you, but analyzing a photographer’s work and techniques in this industry is a great way to develop an authentic vision.

It is common among artists to struggle sometimes with vision. Looking at the work of others can be a great way to tackle this artist’s block. It also helps in finding brilliant ideas, subject to focus, or an inspiration to develop a personal style.

It does not mean that you should blindly imitate the style of others. You can also combine inspiration from their work with your personal experience or imagination to do wonders.

7. Invest in Photography Equipment of this Genre

Using accessories and equipment in photography can make a real difference.

For example, a professional photographer can easily tell the difference between photography with or without a tripod.

If you are in the genre of fine arts photography, consider investing in the equipment.<-Affiliate link 🙂

This genre doesn’t require too much equipment but small things can make much difference.

And just investing in equipment is not enough. Try to understand the working mechanism of everything at your disposal to use these tools better to convey your idea.

8. Prefer a Location with Meaning

Using a meaningful location is a good way to convey a message with more clarity.

Choose a location following the theme of your project. For example, you can choose the ocean if the theme is calm, church/mosques if the theme is spirituality, etc., with a meaningful location.

You do not have to struggle much to convey the theme.

9. Do Experiments in Post Production

The editing time can be a real game-changer. You can add lots and lots of special effects to change the overall look of your photograph.

For example, if you shoot in color and then turn it into black and white in post-production, you will have two pictures of the same thing with a totally different look.

From adjusting the contrast to changing the temperature of colors, you can do a lot in post-production to achieve whatever you envisioned.

10. Connect with Fellow Artists

From Local artist communities to online forums of fine arts photographers, there are several mediums where you can connect with fellow artists.

You can discuss ideas with them, learn techniques and tips, collaborate, get their reviews and opinions, and cross-promote each other’s work for mutual benefit.

11. Develop Seeing Skills

Open your mind to seeing everything around to get an idea or inspiration.

If you stick to old inspirations, you will keep producing images in the same manner, and soon your work will get boring and monotone.

12. Develop a Technique

This is not a do-and-die thing, but developing a personal or signature technique can differentiate your work from others.

All big names of industry experiment with different things, but you can notice a pattern among the same photographer’s work, differentiating it from others.

13. Make Brainstorming your Friend

These genres of photography are all about ideas and visions. Brainstorm as much as possible. Pen down the ideas.

Evaluate your own idea and work—practice relating your feelings whenever you encounter a potential subject around you.

Use imagination to relate different messages which a subject can reflect. These simple exercises can polish your artistic vision.

14. Use Symbols

Symbols are a good way to express a lot without much effort.

Not only these symbols are usually universal. For example, if you are using the watch, the universal audience will perceive and relate it with time.

15. Keep Your Message Simple

Interpretation of a fine art image can vary from viewer to viewer, but it does not mean that your image can be as difficult to understand as cracking a code.

Keep things simple and understandable for everyone. A viewer can lose interest in your work if he has to put effort into understanding your work.

Some ways to add simplicity to your work are keeping the background plain and avoiding contemporary subjects in the background as much as possible.

As aforementioned, experiment with the object instead of its background.

Final Words

These are a few simple techniques, but each tip can step up your fine arts and conceptual photography.

Just grab a camera, <-Affiliate link 🙂 envision, follow these techniques, and make unique ideas to speak via your photography.

How to Set-Up the Flash?

If you consider the flash of your digital camera just another built-in function, honestly, you’re missing a lot in the world of photography.

Flash photography is the type of photography itself. Using the external flash (pop-up flash) properly, you can see visible improvements in your footages.

It illuminates the subjects properly in low light situations, helps balance exposure, and opens the creativity window.

The former function – illuminating the subject- is pretty obvious, but even photographers usually miss out on this tiny function’s creative potential.

Besides reaping the benefits of built-in flash, professional photographers mostly upgrade and invest in an external flash too.

External flashes can work beyond the limitations of built-in flash, but they require an investment – you have to buy them separately.

Whereas built-in flash is inside every digital camera, from the cheapest one to the expensive one.

This article will focus on flash photography using the built-in flash, ways to set the flash, and some tips and tricks to step-up your photography using it.

What is Flash Photography?

As the name shows, flash photography is where a built-in electronic flash or an external flashbulb/light illuminates the insufficiently lit subject.

A digital camera produces a flash of artificial light typically with-in 1/1000 to 1/200 of a second, depending upon the camera. This lightning is at a color temperature of about 5500 K.

Here is how a flash can help you in your photography:

  • Illuminating the subject with clean, bright light
  • Balance the exposure in low-light situations. It helps to export the perfect exposure.
  • You can use the built-in flash to minimize or get rid of unwanted shadows in your footage.
  • Adds up creativity. For example, for motion photography, you can use flash with slow shutter speed to add a half-frozen impression, highlight the subject to add an artistic touch, achieve window style lightning effect at any time of the day, and add dramatic effect, Cetera.
  • Gives you control over brightness.

How to Set-Up the Flash?

Setting up a camera flash and using it properly is no big deal. In fact, it is pretty simple.

There are two basic ways you can use this feature: auto mode and by using manual mode.

Here are the ways to set these modes and optimize their outputs:

Auto Flash

In this mode, the built-in camera light meter evaluates the light in the surroundings and produces the flash output when it feels the requirement.

It also analyzes the aperture settings and ISO value to give the correct exposure.

From flash intensity to the timings, everything is interpreted by the camera automatically.

Automated flash comes in handy in some situations, especially for beginners.

But in the end, the camera isn’t intelligent enough to know what you are looking for.

Sometimes it can cast an unwanted lightning effect in your images. If you are a beginner and don’t know about manually setting flash, go for auto mode.

But if you are trying to get creative with exposure, go for manual or TTL mode.

Manual Flash Mode

Manual mode gives you more control over the flash and allows you to use it more creatively.

Instead of allowing the camera to automatically lit the subject and sometimes giving you the results you didn’t want, you control flash and use it when you feel necessary.

Manual flash settings are pretty easy to pick-up. Using the manual flash properly, you can also enhance and adjust the exposure triangle elements (ISO, Aperture, and Shutter Speed).

Manual mode is represented with ‘M.’ Some cameras have dedicated flash wheels or buttons; otherwise, you can find it in your settings.

Manual flash mode allows to reduce or increase the amount of flashlight intensity, unlike auto mode, which turns on and off exposure automatically to adjust the exposure.

The 1/1 power setting will output the full power of the flash.

The 1/2 power setting will output half the power of the flash and so on.

Once you set the flash’s intensity manually, it will stay the same until you turn it off or change the flash intensity again manually.

Factors influencing Manual Flash

If you are using manual mode, your aperture settings, shutter speed, depth of field et cetera affect the manual flash.

Aperture influences the most when it comes to the brightness of the flash. Aperture controls the amount of light passing from the lens and reaching the lens.

Higher aperture, less light entering the camera, and vice versa. On higher aperture, less light entering the camera, making flash more effective.

More light reaches the sensor on a low aperture, making the flash less effective, especially if it is on the lower intensity.

Another manual setting highly impacting Manual flash setting is shutter speed (time for which the camera’s shutter is open).

Long shutter speed, more light exposure. Lower shutter speed, less exposure.

Shutter speed does not directly affect the flash exposure, but it does affect continuous ambient light, room light, or daylight.

So it is necessary to take into account this setting too before setting the flash illumination setting manually. 

Setting flash on manual mode:

  • Find your perfect composition and ambient exposure by setting the aperture, f-stop, and shutter speed.
  • If your camera has a flash meter, check the intensity of the flash. Set it on your desired intensity.
  • Using a camera without a light meter, set the flash intensity, and check the exposure.
  • In the case of a brighter image, lower and setting, and if the image is too dark, increase the flash intensity.

Mastering manual mode

Honestly, there is only one way to do so: PRACTICE! Try flash on different intensities with different manual settings.

Experimenting with your digital camera’s flash will allow you to add creativity and dramatic effects to your footage and explore different settings that work the best as per the shooting situation.

Some Other Built-in Flash Modes:

Red-Eye Reduction

The type in which there is a pre-flash before the main flash reduces the unwanted red light effect in the subject’s eye.

It is a semi-manual mode. You have to turn it on, and after that, it will work on its own.

Fill Flash

It focuses and fills the darker area of images, such as a subject with the sun behind them.

It works the same semi-manual way as the previous model.

Slow Sync

This mode allows the photographer to fire the flash at a slower shutter speed and make low-light shooting, especially night photography, much better.

Suppressed Flash

Using this mode turn off the flashlight.

Conclusion

Besides illuminating the subject, there are several other benefits of using the flash of your digital camera.

All you need to do is practice and experiment with your flash! It will allow you to get professional-looking results as well as add creativity to your footages.

Automated flash settings can produce good results, but it isn’t always the case. Instead, sometimes, the auto mode can add undesired effects and ruin the image.

To avoid such issues, get images with desired exposure, and add creative effects, you should try manual and semi-manual flash modes.

Setting flash manually is as simple as setting your digital camera’s simplest setting, but it produces great results.

Red eye-reduction, fill flash, slow sync, and others are amazing flash modes that require little to no effort to set but help achieve great output and reduce post-production work.

How To Set Perfect ISO Setting for Digital Camera

In simple terms, ISO is the sensitivity level of the camera to the light. Changing the ISO setting changes the sensor’s sensitivity to light resulting in brightening or darkening the image.

The higher the ISO setting, the more a camera captures the light resulting in a brighter image and vice versa.

It is usually displayed in the form of numbers, which on average range from 200 to 1600. High-end cameras offer an ISO up to 6400 and even higher.

How To Set Perfect ISO Setting for Digital Camera?

ISO is one of the three sides of the exposure triangle; the other two are shutter speed and aperture.

Especially in professional photography, setting ISO properly beside the other two sides of the exposure triangle is the way to achieve the desired results.

Before the modern-day digital camera, cameras with the film didn’t offer anything like ISO setting. Once the film was inside the camera, the photographer couldn’t control the sensitivity of light.

This was also one reason ISO wasn’t even part of the exposure triangle before digital cameras.

Nowadays, a photographer can easily control the sensor’s sensitivity to the light and the amount of light reaching it. This bought massive improvements in low-light and night photography.

It is such an important part of digital photography that some high-end and medium-end cameras offer dedicated buttons to control ISO’s value.

How ISO works?

ISO determines the in-camera amplification of the light signals produced by specific scene luminance of the scenery, F-stop, and shutter speed while keeping the image sensor’s same sensitivity.

Increasing one point of ISO settings doubles the amount of light reaching the sensor resulting in double brightness.

Low and High ISO Settings

Each ISO setting has its significance. High ISO values come in handy when shooting in less-illuminated situations and for night photography.

For shooting in manual mode with increased aperture and shutter speed, perfect results cannot be achieved without taking ISO settings into account.

Usually, photographers are aware of this setting, but they aren’t aware when to use higher settings and when lower.

This results in two problems: either a very dark image. After all, ISO was lower than the required or a grainy image full of noise because the ISO was set on a very high number. 

Shooting in an ISO setting higher than the required results in increased noise and decreased footage’s sharpness. It is caused by fluctuations in image signals.

Noise in the footages can be explained with higher ISO’s. The image signal is generally close in magnitude to the noise, resulting in noise entering the image. This results in an image with a visible grainy effect.

On the other hand, low ISO ratings give out very different results. One advantage of the low ISO is that the light given in exposure is more accurately represented.

The only way to deal with the noise issue in images is to decrease the ISO settings.

Setting the Perfect ISO

To set ISO, some cameras offer a dedicated wheel or a dedicated button to change its value instantly.

Otherwise, the photographer has to choose the value manually. From there, one can choose either the Auto mode or set it on a certain value.

The best thing is, once you set this side of the exposure triangle, you do not need to change it again and again for every picture. Setting ISO once works until or unless lightning conditions don’t change.

Next thing: What is the perfect value of ISO for your Digital camera? This is a question which no-one else can answer for you.

The ISO of your camera while shooting depends upon the lighting conditions around and aperture + shutter speed.

Shooting in low light or with increased shutter speed and aperture, it is necessary to shift ISO to higher numbers to get a clearer and brighter image.

ISO for outdoors

Usually, ISO 100 or 200 are good enough for outdoors and regular shooting conditions. To avoid the grain issues and retain the sharpness of images, in these conditions, it is best not to use the higher values:

  • When using a tripod. It enables to use of slower shutter speed, which automatically allows more light to reach the sensor. Increasing ISO is unnecessary with a tripod.
  • When you can increase light while shooting, it is possible to increase light using artificial lightning and increase light instead of ISO value.
  • Is the image is going to be enlarged? Enlarging images make flaws like grains more prominent. If the image will be displayed on a larger screen or printed in larger fonts, avoid higher ISO and try to enhance the amount of light in surroundings using artificial lightning.
  • When shooting with a lower depth of field. In manual settings, shooting in a lower depth of field usually means you are shooting with increased aperture. With more aperture, more light can reach inside the camera. Shooting in higher ISO isn’t required at all in this situation.

Anyway, in my personal opinion, the grain isn’t always a bad thing.

Increase noise in the image and graining effect do ruins the image, but sometimes you can use it creatively to add a certain mood or atmosphere in your image.

To set ISO manually:

  • First, set the required shooting or exposure mode, capture an image, and analyze the scene’s ISO requirement.
  • Once you have the requirements in mind, long-press the ISO button. If your camera doesn’t have a dedicated button, manually go to the settings and find the ISO settings in Menu Tab. Some cameras also have a rotating dial with several ISO values mentioned around it. You can also use it to set a manual value.
  • Set the ISO on the desired value.

Auto ISO

Once ISO shooting is on, the digital camera automatically lowers or increases the ISO depending upon the other exposure settings and lightning around.

Using the camera in Auto mode uses the Auto-ISO.

Usually, even in Manual mode, photographers seem to prefer ISO in automatic mode.

We also highly recommend it. Once adjusted, you do not need to change the ISO again until the lightning situation change, but even if you are shooting inside, the lighting level can still fluctuate.

In that case, automatic ISO is pretty helpful as the camera automatically adjusts the light reaching the sensor, making shooting an easy job.

You must keep in mind while using Auto-ISO: the range of ISO is limited in most of the cameras.

Auto Mode cannot use all the ISO numbers, especially the higher ones. If the shooting requirement is shooting in very higher values, it is suggested to set it manually.

You can check the ISO limit by Menu > ISO Settings > ISO Speed Settings > ISO Speed Range.

Conclusion

Using ISO might seem technical, but once you do it, you can achieve wonderful results.

The light sensitivity of the sensor matters a lot when it comes to the final result of your image.

Once you learn to deal with light sensitivity via ISO, you can create different effects, and you will become pro at handling the camera in different lighting conditions.

It must not come to you as a surprise that the first important thing for a photographer is to have a camera, and the second important thing is lighting conditions.

ISO settings assist the photographer with both camera and lighting conditions.

How to Set the Perfect White Balance?

Colors – a factor that matters the most in any image. A little change in color balance can change the overall look of the image.

White balance is all about getting the best images by using the best color combination for the scenery.

Understanding White balance and learning to set it manually will give your images a professional look without putting many efforts.

What is White Balance?

In easy terms, a perfect white balance is a perfect balance between the warm and cool colors in your image.

Correct white balance shows the natural color in the image, whereas incorrect WB can either make your image too warm (Orange Effect) or too cold (Blue Effect).

Colors in images are supposed to look like the way they look in real life, and usually, it is the case.

Sometimes, the camera makes these colors too warm or cool, i.e., white snow looking slightly blue in images, yellow candle flame looking orange in the picture, et cetera.

A human eye is smart enough to understand the difference in temperatures of colors, but cameras aren’t.

This unwanted color cast can be resolved using auto white balance or manually setting the camera’s white balance.

What are Color Temperatures?

To understand white balance and to set it perfectly, it is important to know about color temperatures and how they work.

Color temperatures referred to the warmth or coolness of white light coming from the light source.

These temperatures are physical properties of light’s color measured in the Kelvin scale.

The cooler the light is, the higher the number on the Kelvin scale. On the other hand, the warmer the light is, the lower temperature it has.

Color temperatures of the common light sources are:

  • Candlelight 1000-2000 K         
  • Incandescent light: 2700 k
  • Tungsten Bulb (household variety): 2500-3500 K
  • Sunrise/Sunset (clear sky): 2800 K-4000 K            
  • Fluorescent Lamps: 4000-5000 K             
  • Electronic Flash: 5000-5500 K    
  • Daylight with Clear Sky (sun overhead): 5000-6500 K           
  • Shade: 8000K
  • Moderately Overcast Sky: 6500 K-8000 K             
  • Shade or Heavily Overcast Sky: 9000 K-10000 K  
  • Blue sky: 10000K

White balance adds the opposite colors (temperatures) to the image to bring it back to the neutral temperature.

The relationship between WB and color temperature is always opposite. For example, while shooting in shades, you have to warm up the image by decreasing the color temperature.

On the other hand, to reduce the warmness of the image (orange effect), the temperature is needed to be increased by adding the cooler temperature.

Many photographers associate the warmer colors with high temperatures and cooler colors with low temperatures, which is wrong.

Understanding this point, let to set the perfect white balance manually.

When the White balance is set matching to the light source, the final results come out without any unnecessary color cast and very near to the natural colors.

For example: shooting fluorescent lamps, the image will be neutral only when the white balance is around 4000 K to 5000 K. otherwise, this image will be very blue or orange.

Cameras sometimes automatically fix the WB on the temperatures nearest to the light source using Auto White Balance (AWB).

Other times, AWB cannot interpret the scenery, and it’s best to balance it yourself.

Setting the Perfect White Balance:

Besides, Auto white balance, there are two ways to set the white balance.

  1. Using White Balance Preset
  2. Manually setting color temperature by choosing a value on the Kelvin Scale.

Using White Balance Preset

It is a semi-manual way to set the white balance. Most of the digital cameras come with Balance presets.

These preset offer different modes with the fixed on a certain temperature. Commonly these modes are:

  • Auto. With this, the camera automatically fixes the WB.
  • Direct Sunlight for shooting outdoors
  • Incandescent mode for tungsten light bulbs and very cooler images
  • Flash for on-camera flash
  • Cloudy mode to use in shades and a cloudy day outdoors
  • Preset (PRE) for color matching with a white balance card.

There are more or fewer modes depending upon the digital camera.

Setting White Balance Manually

The way to get the best colors is by setting the white balance manually. Once you understand how color temperatures work, it is straightforward to adjust WB manually.

Firstly, you have to take an image of something white or id-grey illuminated by the same source that illuminates the shooting.

You have to tell the camera in custom settings to use the white or mid-grey captured image to reference white balance.

Try to choose such a white or grey object for a reference image that fills the frame.

This way, there won’t be any other colors in the frame, and the camera can adopt the desired color temperature perfectly.

You can capture a white wall, cardboard, or white paper as a reference image.

The manual setting involves three straightforward steps:

  1. Capture the white or mid-grey image. Make sure that the light is properly illuminating the object, and the object is covering the frame.
  2. Open the custom White balance mode. Professional-level cameras often have a dedicated button to access WB. Open it using the menu system or using a dedicated button labeled “WB” on your camera’s body.
  3. Once custom settings are opened, press ‘SET.’ It will automatically display the last captured image. If not, scroll and find the white captured image. Select it once displayed in the custom settings, press ‘SET’ to finish the process.

Once the white balance setting is set manually, it stays the same in all future shoots until you change it using AWB, mode from preset, or setting another photo as a white balance reference image.

Auto white balance can work in most situations but not always. Correct colors are critical, especially in professional photography. That’s why setting white balance using reference images is the preferred method of professionals.

Once it is set manually, it will remain the same throughout the shot without any unnecessary color shift.

With AWB, there isn’t any consistency in color temperatures, which becomes a cause of unwanted cooler or warmer color casting in images.

Understanding the white balance and color temperatures is also helpful to a photographer in certain aspects of his photograph.

It lets him understand how different light sources work, recognize them, and what type of illumination can work best in different situations.

Post-Production Setting of White Balance

Instead of relying on AWB or changing it every time with manual settings, another way to set white balance is doing it in the post-production stage using the software.

It works the best with images in RAW format. In JPG images, the footage is already compressed, and it doesn’t have all the information recorded by the camera’s sensor while shooting the image.

This makes such images somewhat rigid for post-production. Post-production WB setting on an image in JPEG format can ruin it completely.

Adobe Photoshop, Lightroom, Lunarship, MAGIX are some of the software to adjust white balance.

Conclusion

Unwanted color cast is a single powerful factor to ruin the overall quality of an image.

The best way to avoid this is by setting the White Balance manually.

Using manual white balance, an image can be captured in the neutral color of scenery and allows the photographer to add customization in the shot.

It is a pretty simple process that requires a little practice.